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Social Transformations

  • André Ricardo SalataEmail author
  • Michael Chetry
Chapter
Part of the The Latin American Studies Book Series book series (LASBS)

Abstract

Recently in Brazil, much public attention has been given to the idea of the emergence of a “New Middle Class,” supposedly composed of individuals who have been lifted out of poverty into that condition by achieving an intermediate level of income. This chapter proposes, first, to contribute a critical reflection on the analysis of social structure through income strata, a common practice in Brazil and many other countries, and which supports the idea of the expansion of the middle class. Second, by using empirical analysis based on data from the last two population censuses, to argue that, at least with regards to the Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro (Região Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro—RMRJ), no substantial change in social structure can be verified in the last few years. The chapter will try to demonstrate that the recent changes would be more correctly interpreted as an improvement in the standard of living of the lower classes of the RMRJ rather than a growth of the middle class.

Keywords

Middle class Social structure Inequalities Income Rio de Janeiro 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul—PUC-RSPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.UFF/Instituto de Educação de Angra dos Reis—IEARAngra dos ReisBrazil

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