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The Research Advances of Nanomaterials Inducing Osteogenic and Chondrogenic Differentiation of Stem Cells

  • Xueping Xie
  • Xiaolong Li
  • Tengfei Zhou
  • Tao Zhang
  • Jinfeng LiaoEmail author
Chapter
  • 696 Downloads
Part of the Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine book series (STEMCELL)

Abstract

Nanomaterials because of their unique chemical and mechanic properties and biomimetic characteristics have attracted great attention in biomedicine and tissue engineering. Stem cells have the potential of multi-directional differentiation. Nanomaterials inducing osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells promotes the development of bone and cartilage tissue engineering. They are devided into inorganic nanomaterials and polymer nanomaterials. Each material has different effect in stem cell osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation. Changing the size, shape and surface chemistry would generate new effects. Even more, they can achieve much enhanced osteochondral differentiation of stem cells through surface connected with bioactive molecules such as drugs, proteins and growth factors and incorporated into other nanomaterials. In this chapter, we list some extensive researched nanomaterials and focus on their influence in osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells.

Keywords

Nanomaterials Stem cell Differentiation Bone Cartilage Tissue engineering 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xueping Xie
    • 1
  • Xiaolong Li
    • 1
  • Tengfei Zhou
    • 1
  • Tao Zhang
    • 1
  • Jinfeng Liao
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Oral DiseasesWest China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan UniversityChengduChina

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