Oral Malodor

  • Patricia LentonEmail author


Oral malodor, also known as bad breath or halitosis, refers to unpleasant odors that come from the mouth. It has been estimated that up to 25% of the population suffer from bad breath on a regular basis in spite of having good physical and oral health and after the elimination of offensive foods and beverages. Having chronic offensive breath odor can be detrimental to one’s selfimage and confidence, causing social, emotional, and psychological anxiety. Since the majority of breath odors have an oral origin, the dental office is the most logical place for patients to seek advice and treatment. When patients look to dental professionals for expert advice, it is important that we are prepared to explain the causes of oral malodors, that we are able to assess our patients’ breath, and that we can provide recommendations for helping patients manage their breath odor. It is also important for dental professionals to recognize when breath.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Oral Health Clinical Research Clinic, School of DentistryUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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