Migraine Variants

  • Robert L. MerrillEmail author


  • Migraine variants represent a group of headache disorders that have migrainous characteristics and also which are accompanied by neurological symptoms that are not recognized as “classic” migraine symptoms.

  • While it is generally recognized that these conditions represent primary headache disorders, the clinician should go beyond the diagnostic workup accepted for the primary headache disorders, because the potential for these headaches being secondary to central organic causes is greater.

  • Migraine variants can be classified into:
    • Late-life migraine

    • Basilar-type migraine

    • Ophthalmoplegic migraine

    • Hemiplegic migraine

    • Retinal migraine

    • Progressive migraine

    • Primary stabbing headache

    • Exertional migraine

    • Vestibular migraine

  • Patients are living longer and are often on multiple medications that are not being managed appropriately. This is leading to an increase in late-life migraine sufferers in our pain clinics.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UCLA School of DentistryLos AngelesUSA

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