• Steven B. Graff-RadfordEmail author


  • Migraine is typically underdiagnosed and undertreated.

  • There is no cure for migraine; nevertheless there are numerous interventions that may help restore an improve life for sufferers. These measures should consider the patient in as broad an aspect as possible.

  • Triggering factors, neurogenic inflammation, vascular changes, and pain transmission should all be addressed aggressively.

  • Individualizing treatment and use of multiple modalities is essential.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Pain Center, UCLA School of DentistryLos AngelesUSA

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