Burning Mouth Syndrome

  • Miriam GrushkaEmail author
  • Nan Su


  • Burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is an idiopathic chronic pain condition that remains difficult to both diagnose and treat.

  • Various classifications/taxonomy for BMS to date have not led to specific treatments or provided a prognosis for each classification, suggesting that current knowledge are inadequate to properly understand pathogenesis of BMS for each classification.

  • Diagnosis of BMS has been facilitated with blood tests, taste tests, salivary flow collection, and medical imaging studies. Here, we review how to diagnose and treat BMS.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.William Osler Health CentreTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Norman Bethune College of MedicineJilin UniversityChangchunChina

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