Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
Temporomandibular joint functional disorders are classified into derangements of the condyle-disc complex, structural incompatibility of the articular surfaces, and inflammatory joint disorders.
Clinical signs and symptoms may range from non-painful signs of joint noises to acute and chronic pain and dysfunction.
These conditions are prevalent; nevertheless, only some require treatment.
Diagnostic criteria are described in the AAOP guidelines  and diagnostic criteria for TMD .
The clinician should always match the level of complexity of the management program with the complexity of the patient. In complex patients, the use of a pain clinic team to facilitate success is often needed.
Employing clinical paradigms of self-care, education, and self-responsibility in the patient’s care will enhance long-term outcomes and maintain positive relationships between the patient and the clinician.
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