Oral Parafunctional Behaviors

  • Alan G. GlarosEmail author
  • James Fricton


  • Many oral parafunctional habits and their consequences will change with the passage of time as life circumstances change.

  • To address patient requests for relief from suffering, the conservative, reversible approaches recommended by the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research will speed relief without subjecting patients to complex or irreversible dental treatments that have little evidence of efficacy.

  • Splints are “cueing” devices that improve patients’ awareness of parafunctions and help decrease their occurrence.

  • Simple self-care strategies are easy to describe to patients but may be difficult for them to understand and implement. Providers will have greater success recommending these techniques when their approach uses a committed, personalized approach to their patients and a willingness to engage patients in finding workable strategies for implementing change.

  • Online patient cognitive-behavioral training programs are available to support clinicians in finding the time and skills to teach patients to reduce these risk factors and encourage normal healing and function.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Missouri-Kansas CityKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.University of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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