The Aspects of Modernization of Diesel-Electric Locomotives and Platform for Transportation of Railway Switches in Lithuanian Railways

  • Lionginas LiudvinavičiusEmail author
  • Stasys Dailydka
Part of the Studies in Systems, Decision and Control book series (SSDC, volume 87)


Electrical locomotives made in Russia, Czechoslovakia and Ukraine have been used primarily in the railways of the former Soviet Union. Russian companies have manufactured the TEM1 and TEM2 diesel-electric shunting locomotives and the TEP-60 and TEP-70 passenger locomotives, while the 2M62 freight locomotives have been manufactured in Ukraine. The ČME2 and ČME3 shunting diesel-electric locomotives, manufactured in Czechoslovakia, were manufactured with analogous control systems of the entire powertrain and electric drive, which have many deficiencies, the most important of which is high fuel consumption. Reducing power transmission losses from the primary power source—the diesel engine—to the wheel sets is critical. JSC Lietuvos geležinkeliai, who owns a fleet of TEM2 and ČME3 typical shunting locomotives, 2M62 freight locomotive and TEP-70 passenger locomotive, made the decision to modernize them. To this end, JSC Lietuvos geležinkeliai established a subsidiary company, Vilniaus lokomotyvų remonto depas UAB, where locomotives were modernized and new locomotives were manufactured for JSC Lietuvos geležinkeliai and railways abroad during the period 2005–2015. Modernization was performed together with scientists from Vilnius Gediminas Technical University (VGTU). Companies participating in the modernization effort included Vilniaus lokomotyvų remonto depas UAB, Czech company CZ Loko a.s., CJSC TMHB Transmashholding, the Briansk machine building plant (Russia), Transmashholding, Caterpillar, MTU, and the Hungarian company Woodward-Mega Kft, among others.


Diesel-electric locomotive Traction generator Static converter Traction generator load characteristic Microprocessor (computer) control  


  1. 1.
    Kossov EE, Sukhoparov SI (1999) Optimization of operating modes of diesel generators. Intekst, Moscow (in Russian) Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kalinin VK (1991) Electric locomotives and electric trains. Transport, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Liudvinavičius L, Dailydka S, Vaičiūnas G (2015) Traukos energetinės sistemos ir jų valdymas. Vadovėlis. Vilnius: Technika. [In Lithuanian: Traction energy system and their control. Coursebook]Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Volkov NI, Milovzorov VP (1978) Electric machinery automation. Higher School, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yuferov FM (1976) Electric machines automatic devices. Higher School, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Östlund S (2011) Electric railway traction. KTH, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Strekopytov V, Grishchenko A, Kruchek A (2003) Electric drives of the locomotives. Marshrut, MoscowGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fuest K, Döring P (2000) Elektrische Maschine und Antriebe. Lehr- und Arbeitsbuch. Wiesbaden: Vieweg [In German: An electrical machine and drive. Teaching and workbook. Vieweg]Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Filonov CP et al (1996) Diesel locomotive 2TE116. Transport, Moscow (in Russian)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kossov EE et al (2011) Diesel generator sets rates using the energy storage device in the electric the power transmission. The Science and Business, Development Ways, vol 6, pp 95–100Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Slemon GR (1992) Electric machines and drives. Addison-Wesley Publishing CompanyGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jolevski D (2009) Excitation system of synchronous generator. University of Split, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval ArchitectureGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Liudvinavičius L, Lingaitis LP (2009) Locomotive energy savings possibilities. Transp Prob 4(3–1):35–41Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lingaitis LP, Liudvinavičius L, Butkevicius J, Podagėlis I, Sakalauskas K, Vaičiūnas G, Bureika G, Gailienė I, Petrenko V, Subačius R (2009) Geležinkeliai. Bendrasis kursas: vadovėlis. Vilnius: Technika [In Lithuanian: Railways. General course: text book]Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Liudvinavičius L, Lingaitis LP, Dailydka S (2010) Traukos riedmenų elektros pavaros ir jų valdymas: bendrasis aukštųjų mokyklų vadovėlis. Vilnius: Technika [In Lithuanian: Traction rolling stock power drives and their control: common high school text book]Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    CZ LOCO a.s. (2009) Lokomotiv TMX series, technical description (in Russian)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Machowski J, Bialek JW, Robak S, Bumby JR (1998) Excitation control system for use with synchronous generators. IEE Proc Gener Transm Distrib 145(5):537–546CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sumina D, Erceg G, Idžotić T (2005) Excitation control of a synchronous generator using fuzzy logic stabilizing controller. In: European conference on power electronics and applications. Dresden 6 ppGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    IEEE Power Engineering Society IEEE (2006) Recommended practice for excitation system models for power system stability studies. IEEE 421-5-2005, New York, pp 1–93Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Miskovic M, Mirosevic M, Milkovic M (2009) Analysis of synchronous generator angular stability depending on the choice of the excitation system. Energija 58(4):430–445Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Bodefeld T, Sequenz H (1971) Elektrische Maschinen, 8th edn. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York [In German: Electrical machinery]Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bureika G (2002) Riedmenų traukos teorija: paskaitų tekstas. Vilnius: Technika [In Lithuanian: Rolling stock traction theory. Instructional book]Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Railway TransportVilnius Gediminas Technical UniversityVilniusLithuania

Personalised recommendations