Advertisement

Governing by the Book: Mediterranean Travel and Sanitary Prophylaxis in the Nineteenth-Century

  • Riccardo LiberatoreEmail author
Chapter
  • 382 Downloads
Part of the New Directions in Book History book series (NDBH)

Abstract

In the nineteenth century quarantine and sanitary prophylaxis were the main forms of ‘border control’ facing European tourists in the Mediterranean. Hygiene manuals and guidebooks played an important role in shaping the way this particular class of travellers engaged with then contemporary maritime sanitary regimes. They serve to illustrate how new kinds of ‘free mobility’, made possible by the steam revolution in transport among other factors, developed alongside new forms of power, knowledge and discipline. They also show how hygienic practices aimed at controlling the spread of disease overlapped with the rituals of tourism.

Notes

Acknowledgement

My thanks to Dr. Adriana X Jacobs, Dr. Asha Rogers, Rouven Kunstmann and two anonymous reviewers for their comments on this chapter.

Bibliography

Archival

  1. Archives Départementales des Bouches-du-Rhône. Intendance Sanitaire de Marseille: 200 E Harvard University Open Collections Program. Proceedings of the International Sanitary Conferences 1851–1903, accessed January, 2016.Google Scholar

Contemporary Published

  1. Collection of Guides-JoanneGoogle Scholar
  2. Aix-les-bains, Marlioz et Leur Environs. Nouveau Guide Médical et Pittoresque. Paris, 1878.Google Scholar
  3. Aix-les-bains et Ses Environs. Paris, 1905.Google Scholar
  4. Guides Joanne, Algérie et Tunisie, par MM. Gilbert Jacqueton et Stéphane Gsell, 1911.Google Scholar
  5. Itinéraire Général de la France par Paul Joanne. Provence. Paris, 1884.Google Scholar
  6. Itinéraire Général de la France par Paul Joanne. Provence. Paris, 1888.Google Scholar
  7. Italie du Sud. Paris, 1886.Google Scholar
  8. Italie du Sud. Paris, 1890.Google Scholar
  9. Guides Diamant. P. Joanne, Italie et Sicile. Paris, 1883.Google Scholar
  10. Guides Diamant. P. Joanne, L’Italie et la Sicile. Paris, 1885.Google Scholar
  11. Guides Diamant. P. Joanne, L’Italie. Paris, 1889.Google Scholar
  12. Guides Diamant. P. Joanne, Stations d’Hiver de la Méditerranée. Paris, 1880.Google Scholar
  13. Guides Joanne, Algérie et Tunisie, par MM. Gilbert Jacqueton et Stéphane Gsell, 1911.Google Scholar
  14. Guides Joanne, Egypte 1900 [Bénédite Georges].Google Scholar
  15. Louis Piesse, Itinéraire Historique et Descriptif de l’Algérie, de Tunis et de Tanger, 1874.Google Scholar

Karl Baedeker

  1. Manuel du Voyageur. Troisième Partie. Italie Méridionale, Sicile et Sardaigne. Paris, 1887.Google Scholar
  2. Manuel du Voyageur. Italie Méridionale. Sicile, Sardaigne, Malte, Tunis, Corfou. Paris, 1912.Google Scholar

Murray

  1. John Murray, A Handbook for Travellers in Algeria. London, 1874.Google Scholar
  2. John Murray, A Handbook for Travellers in Algeria and Tunis. London, 1887.Google Scholar
  3. John Murray, A Handbook for Travellers in Egypt. London, 1873.Google Scholar
  4. John Murray, A Handbook for Travellers in Lower and Upper Egypt. London, 1891.Google Scholar
  5. John Murray, A Handbook for Travellers in Southern Italy and Sicily, 9th Edition. London, 1892.Google Scholar
  6. Robert Lambert Playfair, Murray’s Handbook to the Mediterranean: Its Cities, Coasts, and Islands for the Use of General Travellers and Yachtsmen. London, 1890.Google Scholar

Other

  1. Adrien Proust, La Défense de l’Europe Contre la Peste et la Conference de Venise de 1897. Paris, 1897.Google Scholar
  2. Alexander A. Knox, The New Playground or Wanderings in Algeria. London, 1881.Google Scholar
  3. Alfred Gubb, Algiers as a Winter Resort and its Therapeutical Indications, together with notes on HammamR’Irha and Biskra. 1905.Google Scholar
  4. Compagnie des Messageries Maritimes, Guide Officiel des Passagers sur toutes les Mers. Publié sous le patronage des Com.ies de Navigation. Paris, 1899.Google Scholar
  5. Émile Decaisne. Notice sur les Principaux Travaux Scientifiques du Docteur É Decaisne. Paris, 1875.Google Scholar
  6. Émile Decaisne. Guide Médical et Hygiénique du Voyageur 1864. Paris, 1864.Google Scholar
  7. E.A. Ancelon. Manuel D’hygiène. A l’Usage des Enfants et des Gens du Monde. Nancy, 1852.Google Scholar
  8. Georges Treille, De L’acclimatation des Européens dans les Pays Chauds. Paris, 1888.Google Scholar
  9. Gustave Bienayme’s Prix des principaux objets de consommation à Paris de 1896 à 1900, Montrevain, 1901.Google Scholar
  10. J.A.N Périer, De l’hygiène en Algérie. Paris, 1847.Google Scholar
  11. Joseph-C. Hyam, The Illustrated Guide to Algiers, a Practical Handbook for Travellers. 1911.Google Scholar
  12. Les Paquebots du Levant. Guide des Voyageurs des Paquebots-poste de la Méditerranée. Services maritimes des Messageries Nationales. 1853.Google Scholar
  13. M. Louis Geslin, Korbous. Histoire d’une Station Thermale d’Afrique. Thèse pour le Doctorat en Médecine. Tunis, 1913.Google Scholar
  14. Pierre-Just Navarre, Manuel d’Hygiène Coloniale. Guide de l’Européen dans les Pays Chauds. Paris, 1895.Google Scholar
  15. Patrick Manson, Tropical Diseases: A Manual of the Diseases of Warm Climates. London, 1900.Google Scholar
  16. Raymond Nogué, Hygiène du Touriste. Paris, 1892.Google Scholar

Secondary

  1. Baldwin, Peter, Contagion and the State in Europe 1830–1930 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Belich, James; Darwin, John and Wickham, Chris, ‘Introduction’, in The Prospect of Global History, eds. James Belich, John Darwin, Margret Frenz and Chris Wickham (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016), pp. 1–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boyer, Marc, Histoire de l’Invention du Tourisme XVIe–XIXe siècles. Origine et Development du Tourisme dans le Sud-Est de la France (La Tour-d’Aigues: Éd. de l’Aube, 2000).Google Scholar
  4. ———, Histoire du Tourisme de Masse (Paris: Presses universitaires de France 1999).Google Scholar
  5. Boulanger, Patrick, ‘Témoignages sur le Transport des Immigrants en Méditerranée: Les Rapports des Capitaines des Messageries maritimes (1871–1914)’, in Navigation et Migrations en Méditerranée. De la Préhistoire à nos jours ed. Jean-Louis Miège (Paris: Éd. du CNRS 1990), pp. 351–366.Google Scholar
  6. Chabaud, Gilles; Cohen, Évelyne; Coquery, Natacha and Penez, Jérôme, Les Guides Imprimés. Du XVIe au XXe Siècle. Villes, Paysages, Voyages (Paris: Belin, 2000).Google Scholar
  7. Clancy-Smith, Julia, Mediterraneans: North Africa and Europe in an Age of Migration 1800–1900 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011).Google Scholar
  8. Corbin, Alain, Le Territoire du vide: l’Occident et le Désir du Rivage: 1750–1840 (Paris: Flammarion, 1990).Google Scholar
  9. Curtin, Philip D., Death by Migration. Europe’s Encounter with the Tropical World in the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dawes, Barbara, La Rivoluzione Turistica. Thomas Cook e il Turismo Inglese in Italia nel XIX secolo (Napoli: Edizioni scientifiche italiane, 2003).Google Scholar
  11. DeGenova, Nicholas and Peutz, Natalie, The Deportation Regime: Sovereignty, Space, and the Freedom of Movement (Durham: Duke University Press, 2010).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. De Schmidt, Johanna, ‘“This Strange Little Floating World of Ours”: Shipboard Periodicals and Community building in the “Global Nineteenth Century”’, Journal of Global History, 11:2 (2016), pp. 229–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Foucault, Michel, ‘Governmentality’, in The Foucault Effect. Studies in Governmentality, eds. Graham Burchell, Colin Gordon and Peter Miller (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991), pp. 87–104.Google Scholar
  14. Harrison, Mark, ‘Disease, Diplomacy and International Commerce: The Origins of International Sanitary Regulation in the Nineteenth Century’, Journal of Global History, 1:2 (2006), pp. 197–217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Horden, Peregrine, ‘Travel Sickness: Medicine and Mobility in the Mediterranean from Antiquity to the Renaissance’, in Rethinking the Mediterranean, ed. W.V Harris (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005), pp. 179–195.Google Scholar
  16. Huber, Valeska, Chanelling mobilities. Migration and Globalisation in the Suez Canal Region and Beyond, 1869–1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. ———, ‘The Unification of the Globe by Disease? The International Sanitary Conferences on Cholera, 1851–1894’, The Historical Journal, 49:2 (2006), pp. 453–476.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Jennings, Eric T., Curing the Colonizers. Hydrotherapy, Climatology, and French Colonial Spas (Durham: Duke University Press, 2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Jorland, Gérard, Une Société à Soigner (Paris: Gallimard, 2010).Google Scholar
  20. Lerivray, Bernard, Guides Bleus, Guides Verts et Lunettes Roses (Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1975).Google Scholar
  21. Le Cour Grandmaison, Olivier, L’Empire des hygienists: Vivre aux Colonies (Paris: Fayard, 2014).Google Scholar
  22. Mackaman, Douglas Peter, Leisure Settings. Bourgeois Culture, Medicine, and the Spa in Modern France (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998).Google Scholar
  23. Mezzadra, Sandro, Border as method, or, the Multiplication of Labor (Durham: Duke University Press, 2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Mistler, Jean, La Librairie Hachette de 1826 à nos jours (Paris: Hachette, 1964).Google Scholar
  25. Mollaret, Henri Hubert et and Brossollet, Jacqueline, Alexandre Yersin. Un Pasteurien en Indochine (Paris: Belin, 1993).Google Scholar
  26. Murard, Lion et Zylberman, Patrick, L’Hygiène dans la République. La Santé Publique en France, ou l’Utopie Contrariée (1870–1918) (Paris: Fayard, 1996).Google Scholar
  27. Nordman, Daniel, ‘Les Guides Joanne Ancêtres des Guides Bleus’, Les Lieux de Mémoire, T.1, ed. Pierre Nora (Paris: Gallimard, 1986), pp. 529–567.Google Scholar
  28. Osborne, Michael. A, ‘Resurrecting Hippocrates: Hygienic Sciences and the French Scientific Expeditions to Egypt, Morea and Algeria, in Warm Climates and Western Medicine: The Emergence of Tropical Medicine, ed. David Arnold, 1500–1900 (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1996), pp. 80–98.Google Scholar
  29. Panzac, Daniel, Quarantaines et Lazarets. L’Europe et la Peste d’Orient (Aix-en-Provence: Édisud, 1986).Google Scholar
  30. Penez, Jérome, Histoire du Thermalisme en France au XIXe Siècle. Eau, Médecine et Loisirs (Paris: Impr. Jouve, 2005).Google Scholar
  31. Sallares, Robert, ‘Disease’, in A Companion to Mediterranean History, eds. Peregrine Horden and Sharon Kinoshita (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), pp. 250–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schaff, Barbara, ‘John Murray’s Handbooks to Italy: Making Tourism Literary’, in Literary Tourism and Nineteenth-Century Culture, ed. Nicola J. Watson (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), pp. 106–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Sheller, Mimi and Urry, John, ‘The New Mobilities Paradigm’, Environment and Planning A: 38 (2006), pp. 207–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Snowden, Frank M., Naples in the Time of Cholera 1884–1991 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).Google Scholar
  35. Tagliacozzo, Eric, Hajj in the Time of Cholera. Pilgrim Ships and Contagion from Southeast Asia to the Red Sea’, in Global Muslims in the Age of Steam and Print, eds. James L. Gelvin and Nile Green (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2014), pp. 103–120.Google Scholar
  36. Wenzlhuemer, Roland, ‘The Ship, the Media, and the World: Conceptualizing Connections in Global History’, Journal of Global History, 11:2 (2016), pp. 163–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Global and Imperial HistoryUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK

Personalised recommendations