Off-White Crayons: Ethnically Marked White Characters

  • Lenore Bell


The chapter addresses the ethnically marked white characters in the novels, which includes Irish, Jewish, and ethnically mixed white people. These figures are pointedly not meant to stand as Everymen for the reader to identify with. Like the African-American characters, they are meant to bolster the wholesomeness of the protagonists.


9/11 critical race theory blood Cold War whiteness innocence literature New York City the Other stereotypes Richard Dyer Steve Garner ethnicity Jay McInerney Don DeLillo Amy Waldman Jonathan Safran Foer John Updike Irish American firefighters anti-Semitism mixed-race exoticism 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lenore Bell
    • 1
  1. 1.St AndrewsFifeUnited Kingdom

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