DInSAR for the Monitoring of Cultural Heritage Sites
- 920 Downloads
Detection and monitoring of deformations affecting cultural heritage sites and their surroundings represent a key issue for developing strategies for their preservation, particularly in the case of extended archaeological areas. In this chapter, we first introduce the differential SAR interferometry (DInSAR) techniques that, thanks to their capability of performing noninvasive deformation analyses, provide valuable information about the spatial and the temporal evolution of the detected displacements. Subsequently, we present the DInSAR results achieved over the whole archaeological site of the ancient Roman city of Pompeii (Italy), and focus on some historical buildings where small displacements, involving portions or the whole complex structure, have been detected.
The performed analysis confirms the relevance of the DInSAR techniques for developing sustainable strategies aimed at the preservation of cultural and historical heritage sites.
KeywordsArchaeological Site Synthetic Aperture Radar Shuttle Radar Topography Mission Synthetic Aperture Radar Image Synthetic Aperture Radar Data
This work has partially been funded by the Italian Department of Civil Protection (DPC); the manuscript contents reflect authors’ positions that could be different from the DPC official statements. The work has also been supported by the I-AMICA project (PONa3 00363). We thank the European and Italian Space Agency for providing the ERS/ENVISAT and COSMO-SkyMed data, respectively. We also thank the NASA SRTM mission for the DEM of the Napoli Bay area.
- Arangio S, Calo’ F, Di Mauro M, Bonano M, Marsella M, Manunta M (2013) An application of the SBAS-DInSAR technique for the assessment of structural damage in the city of Rome, Struct Infrastruct Eng Maint, Manag Life-Cycle Des Perform:1–15Google Scholar
- Badger L, Grance T, Patt Corner R, Voas J (2012) Cloud computing synopsis and recommendations, NIST special publication 800–146. National Institute of Standards and Technology, US. Department of Commerce, Gaithersburg, MDGoogle Scholar
- Bock Y, Wdowinski S, Ferretti A, Novali F, Fumagalli A (2012) Recent subsidence of the Venice Lagoon from continuous GPS and interferometric synthetic aperture radar. Geochem Geophys Geosyst 13:Q03023Google Scholar
- Cascini L, Ferlisi S, Peduto D, Fornaro G, Manunta M (2007) Analysis of a subsidence phenomenon via DInSAR data and geotechnical criteria. Ital Geotech J 41(4):50–67Google Scholar
- D’Auria L, Pepe S, Castaldo R, Giudicepietro F, Macedonio G, Ricciolino P, Tizzani P, Casu F, Lanari R, Manzo M, Martini M, Sansosti E, Zinno I (2015) Magma injection beneath the urban area of Naples: a new mechanism for the 2012-2013 volcanic unrest at Campi Flegrei caldera. Scientific Reports 5:13100. doi: 10.1038/srep13100 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Franceschetti G, Lanari R (1999) Synthetic aperture radar processing. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
- Hooper A, Zebker H, Segall P, Kampes B (2004) A new method for measuring deformation on volcanoes and other natural terrains using InSAR persistent scatterers. Geophys Res Lett 31(23):L23611Google Scholar
- Hooper A (2008) A multi-temporal InSAR method incorporating both persistent scatterer and small baseline approaches. Geophys Res Lett 35:L16302., http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008GL034654
- Kampes BM (2006) Radar interferometry: persistent scatterer technique. Springer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
- Lanari R, Lundgren P, Manzo M, Casu F (2004b) Satellite radar inter- ferometry time series analysis of surface deformation for Los Angeles, California. Geophys Res Lett 31(23):L23 613–1–L23 613–5Google Scholar
- Lanari R, Berardino P, Bonano M, Casu F, Manconi A, Manunta M, Manzo M, Pepe A, Pepe S, Sansosti E, Solaro G, Tizzani P, Zeni G (2010) Surface displacements associated with the L’Aquila 2009 Mw 63 earthquake Central Italy: new evidence from DInSAR time series analysis. Geophys Res Letter 37:L20309, doi:101029/2010GL044780Google Scholar
- Manzo M, Ricciardi GP, Casu F, Ventura G, Zeni G, Borgström S, Berardino P, Del Gaudio C, Lanari R (2006) Surface deformation analysis in the Ischia island (Italy) based on spaceborne radar interferometry. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 151:399–416. doi: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2005.09.010 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Peltzer G, Rosen PA (1995) Surface displacement of the 17 May 1993 Eureka Valley earthquake observed by SAR interferometry. Science 268:1333–1336Google Scholar
- Sansosti E, Berardino P, Bonano M, Calo’ F, Castaldo R, Casu F, Manunta M, Manzo M, Pepe A, Pepe S, Solaro G, Tizzani P, Zeni G, Lanari R (2014) How second generation SAR systems are impacting the analysis of ground deformation. Int J Appl Earth Obs Geoinf 28:1–11. doi: 10.1016/j.jag.2013.10.007.
- Tizzani P, Castaldo R, Solaro G, Pepe S, Bonano M, Casu F, Manunta M, Manzo M, Pepe A, Samsonov S, Lanari R, Sansosti E (2013) New insights into the 2012 Emilia (Italy) seismic sequence through advanced numerical modeling of ground deformation InSAR measurements. Geophys Res Lett 40(10):1971–1977. doi: 10.1002/grl.50290 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Trasatti E, Casu F, Giunchi C, Pepe S, Solaro G, Tagliaventi S, Berardino P, Manzo M, Pepe A, Ricciardi GP, Sansosti E, Tizzani P, Zeni G, Lanari R (2008) The 2004–2006 uplift episode at Campi Flegrei caldera (Italy): constraints from SBAS-DInSAR ENVISAT data and Bayesian source inference. Geophys. Res. Lett. 35:L073078. doi: 10.1029/2007GL033091 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Torres R, Snoeij P, Geudtner D, Bibby D, Davidson M, Attema E, Potin P, Rommen B, Floury N, Brown M, Navas Traver I, Deghaye P, Duesmann B, Rosich B, Miranda N, Bruno C, L’Abbate M, Croci R, Pietropaolo A, Huchler M, Rostan F (2012) GMES Sentinel-1 mission. Remote Sens Environ 120:9–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Werner C, Wegmüller U, Strozzi T, Wiesmann A (2003) Interferometric point target analysis for deformation mapping. In: Proceedings of the geoscience and remote sensing symposium, Toulouse, France, 21–25 July 2003, 7, 4362–4364Google Scholar
- Zeni G, Bonano M, Casu F, Manunta M, Manzo M, Marsella M, Pepe A, Lanari R (2011) Long term deformation analysis of historical buildings through the advanced SBAS-DInSAR technique: the case study of the city of Roma Italy. J Geophys Eng 8:S1 doi:101088/1742-2132/8/3/S01Google Scholar