Discussion and Reflections

  • Salih Cıngıllıoğlu
Part of the Middle East Today book series (MIET)


This chapter discusses all the research findings; highlights their implications for research and practice; makes recommendations for future researchers on social movements, adult educators, and adult education; explains limitations of the study; and offers suggestions for future research. The research reaffirms that adult education has a significant function in social movements to cause a transformation in the followers, which then leads to wider social change. It concludes that the Gülen Movement is a religious social movement that employs adult education through the sohbets attended by businessmen who eventually experience transformations in their lives and in turn at societal level. Furthermore, a second conclusion based on the findings is that the Gülen Movement employs a significantly different form of adult education that is not common in social movements.


Social Capital Social Movement Adult Education Transformative Learning Good Deed 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Salih Cıngıllıoğlu
    • 1
  1. 1.SarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina

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