Advertisement

A Geographic Multipath Routing Protocol for Wireless Multimedia Sensor Networks

  • Mohamed Nacer BouatitEmail author
  • Selma Boumerdassi
  • Adel Djama
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10026)

Abstract

The availability of low-cost hardware such as cameras and microphones has fostered the development of wirelessly interconnected devices that are able to retrieve from the environment, in addition to scalar data, the audio and video streams. Transfering the large multimedia content while guaranteeing QoS requirements is a very challenge to solve, given that multimedia applications convey a large mass of data that requires high transmission rate and intensive treatment. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a Geographic Multipath Routing Protocol (GMRP) that satisfies the realistic characteristics of multimedia transmission in wireless sensor networks.

Simulations results show a significant contribution and indicate that GMRP achieves lower average delay, higher packet delivery ratio and ensures load balancing in the network.

Keywords

Wireless multimedia sensor networks Geographic routing protocol Multipath transmission Load balancing 

References

  1. 1.
    Aswale, S., Ghorpade, V.R.: Survey of QoS routing protocols in wireless multimedia sensor networks. J. Comput. Netw. Commun. 2015, 1–29 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bouatit, M.N., Boumerdassi, S., Minet, P., Djama, A.: Fault-tolerant mechanism for multimedia transmission in wireless sensor networks. In: Vehicular Technology Conference VTC2016-Fall, p. 84 (2016)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pantazis, N.A., Nikolidakis, S.A., Vergados, D.D.: Energy-efficient routing protocols in wireless sensor networks: a survey. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 15(2), 551–591 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Abazeed, M., Faisal, N., Zubair, S., Ali, A.: Routing protocols for wireless multimedia sensor network: a survey. J. Sens. 2013, 1–11 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ehsan, S., Hamdaoui, B.: A survey on energy-efficient routing techniques with QoS assurances for wireless multimedia sensor networks. IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 14(2), 265–278 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shu, L., Zhang, Y., Yang, L.T., Wang, Y., Hauswirth, M., Xiong, N.: TPGF: geographic routing in wireless multimedia sensor networks. Telecommun. Syst. 44(1–2), 79–95 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Li, B.-Y., Chuang, P.-J.: Geographic energy-aware non-interfering multipath routing for multimedia transmission in wireless sensor networks. Inf. Sci. 249, 24–37 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Spachos, P., Toumpakaris, D., Hatzinakos, D.: QoS and energy-aware dynamic routing in wireless multimedia sensor networks. In: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), pp. 6935–6940. IEEE (2015)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Wang, K., Wang, L., Ma, C., Shu, L., Rodrigues, J.: Geographic routing in random duty-cycled wireless multimedia sensor networks. In: 2010 IEEE GLOBECOM Workshops, pp. 230–234. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Mohajerzadeh, A.H., Yaghmaee, M.H., Toroghi, N.N., Parvizy, S., Torshizi, A.H.: MREEP: a QoS based routing protocol for wireless multimedia sensor networks. In: 2011 19th Iranian Conference on Electrical Engineering, pp. 1–6. IEEE (2011)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ukani, V., Kothari, A., Zaveri, T.: An energy efficient routing protocol for wireless multimedia sensor network. In: 2014 International Conference on Devices, Circuits and Communications (ICDCCom), pp. 1–6. IEEE (2014)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Cobo, L., Quintero, A., Pierre, S.: Ant-based routing for wireless multimedia sensor networks using multiple QoS metrics. Comput. Netw. 54(17), 2991–3010 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ghaari, A., Takanloo, V.A.: QoS-based routing protocol with load balancing for wireless multimedia sensor networks using genetic algorithm. World Appl. Sci. J. 15, 1659–1666 (2011)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Almalkawi, I.T., Zapata, M.G., Al-Karaki, J.N.: A cross-layer-based clustered multipath routing with QoS-aware scheduling for wireless multimedia sensor networks. Int. J. Distrib. Sens. Netw. 2012, 1–11 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    do Rosário, D., Costa, R., Paraense, H., Machado, K., Cerqueira, E., Braun, T.: A smart multi-hop hierarchical routing protocol for efficient video communication over wireless multimedia sensor networks. In: 2012 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), pp. 6530–6534. IEEE (2012)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Agarkhed, J., Biradar, G.S., Mytri, V.D.: Energy efficient QoS routing in multi-sink wireless multimedia sensor networks. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Netw. Secur. (IJCSNS) 12(5), 25 (2012)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jaiswal, A., Rao, S., Shama, K.: Application aware energy efficient geographic greedy forwarding in wireless multimedia sensor networks. Int. J. Eng. Adv. Technol. 1(5), 222–227 (2012)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhang, L., Hauswirth, M., Shu, L., Zhou, Z., Reynolds, V., Han, G.: Multi-priority multi-path selection for video streaming in wireless multimedia sensor networks. In: Sandnes, F.E., Zhang, Y., Rong, C., Yang, L.T., Ma, J. (eds.) UIC 2008. LNCS, vol. 5061, pp. 439–452. Springer, Heidelberg (2008). doi: 10.1007/978-3-540-69293-5_35 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bennis, I., Fouchal, H., Zytoune, O., Aboutajdine, D.: An evaluation of the TPGF protocol implementation over NS-2. In: 2014 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), pp. 428–433. IEEE (2014)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Medjiah, S., Ahmed, T., Krief, F.: AGEM: adaptive greedy-compass energy-aware multipath routing protocol for WMSNS. In: 2010 7th IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 1–6. IEEE (2010)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Felemban, E., Lee, C.-G., Ekici, E.: MMSPEED: multipath multi-speed protocol for QoS guarantee of reliability and timeliness in wireless sensor networks. IEEE Trans. Mob. Comput. 5(6), 738–754 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Levis, P., Gay, D.: TinyOS Programming. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Nacer Bouatit
    • 1
    Email author
  • Selma Boumerdassi
    • 1
  • Adel Djama
    • 2
  1. 1.CNAM/CEDRICParisFrance
  2. 2.ESIAlgiersAlgeria

Personalised recommendations