The Role of Partnerships and the Third Sector in the Development and Delivery of Urban Forestry and Green Infrastructure

  • Ian WhiteheadEmail author
  • Ralph Hansmann
  • Frank Lohrberg
  • Ivana Živojinović
  • Andreas Bernasconi
  • Nerys Jones
Part of the Future City book series (FUCI, volume 7)

This chapter describes the role and significance of partnerships in urban forestry and green infrastructure governance. Special focus is given to the emerging role of the Third Sector, including voluntary or not-for-profit organisations, non-governmental organisations (NGOs) , charities and social enterprises, in delivery of urban forestry (UF) within the context of regional green infrastructure (GI). We will examine partnership approaches adopted in Scotland, UK, and consider to what extent they can be applied as models within the wider European context, where the management and implementation of GI has traditionally been implemented by public authorities on a top-down basis. In particular, the strengths and weaknesses of Third Sector approaches will be evaluated against traditional public and private sector models. Optimal scenarios will be proposed for the role of the Third Sector with respect to other GI delivery agents. Success factors for partnerships discussed in previous...


Green Space Social Enterprise Urban Forest Sector Organisation Green Infrastructure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors express their appreciation to Silvija Krajter Ostoić for her valuable contribution to this chapter.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Whitehead
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ralph Hansmann
    • 2
  • Frank Lohrberg
    • 1
  • Ivana Živojinović
    • 3
    • 4
  • Andreas Bernasconi
    • 5
  • Nerys Jones
    • 6
  1. 1.Faculty of Architecture, Institute of Landscape ArchitectureRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  2. 2.Transdisciplinarity Lab, Department of Environmental Systems ScienceETH ZurichZürichSwitzerland
  3. 3.The European Forest Institute Central-East and South-East European Regional Office (EFICEEC-EFISEE)University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU)ViennaAustria
  4. 4.Forest FacultyLatvia University of AgricultureJelgavaLatvia
  5. 5.Pan Bern AGBernSwitzerland
  6. 6.Strategic Greenspace ConsultantWolverhamptonUK

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