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Challenges to Governing Urban Green Infrastructure in Europe – The Case of the European Green Capital Award

  • Natalie Marie GulsrudEmail author
  • Silvija Krajter Ostoić
  • Maija Faehnle
  • Bruno Maric
  • Riikka Paloniemi
  • David Pearlmutter
  • Alan J. Simson
Chapter
Part of the Future City book series (FUCI, volume 7)

Introduction

Green Infrastructure as a Response to the Challenges of Urbanization in Europe

As highlighted in previous chapters, urban areas are home to the majority of people in Europe. According to the European Environment Agency, about three quarters of the population now lives in cities and towns – and by the year 2020, this proportion is expected to reach 80% (EEA 2006). One of the consequences of rapid urbanization is a diminishing area of green spaces such as parks, forests and gardens, as well as blue spaces like lakes, rivers and wetlands (Nuissl et al. 2009; Kabisch et al. 2015). This decrease in green infrastructure (GI) can severely impact local ecosystems, reducing their capacity to provide essential services ranging from the management of storm water to the moderation of thermal stress (Larondelle et al. 2014; Alavipanah et al. 2015; Kabisch 2015). Urban populations may in turn face a deteriorated quality of life, as they increasingly depend on urban GI for social and...

Keywords

Environmental Governance Policy Tool Green Infrastructure Governance Arrangement Urban Green Space 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalie Marie Gulsrud
    • 1
    Email author
  • Silvija Krajter Ostoić
    • 2
  • Maija Faehnle
    • 3
  • Bruno Maric
    • 4
  • Riikka Paloniemi
    • 5
  • David Pearlmutter
    • 6
  • Alan J. Simson
    • 7
  1. 1.Geosciences & Natural Resource Management, Landscape Architecture & PlanningUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Department for International Scientific Cooperation in Southeast EuropeCroatian Forest Research InstituteZagrebCroatia
  3. 3.Environmental Policy Centre, Land Use UnitFinnish Environmental InstituteHelsinkiFinland
  4. 4.Faculty of ForestryUniversity of SarajevoSarajevoBosnia and Herzegovina
  5. 5.Environmental Policy Centre, Green Infrastructure UnitFinnish Environmental InstituteHelsinkiFinland
  6. 6.Bona Terra Department of Man in the Desert, Swiss Institute for Dryland Environmental and Energy Research, Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert ResearchBen-Gurion University of the Negev, Sede Boqer CampusBe’er ShevaIsrael
  7. 7.School of Art, Architecture and DesignLeeds Becket UniversityLeedsUK

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