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Head Injury Research: Computer Models of Head Impact

  • Albert I. King
Chapter

Abstract

The purpose of modeling head impact is to try to understand the effect of a blow to the brain. Thus, it is essential that the brain be modeled in as much detail as possible. Then, of course, it will be necessary to assess injury to the brain by computing its response. Based on what we know about brain injury, we hypothesize that strain in the axons is a likely cause of diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and intracranial pressure wave propagation can be a second parameter of interest. Because of the complexity of the geometry of the head and brain, the many different types of tissues involved, and the lack of data on their material properties under high strain rate conditions, the modeling task is far from being simple. In the pre-finite element era, simplifying assumptions were made to facilitate the formulation of equations that describe the impact event. For example, the first known model of head impact was proposed by Anzelius (1943) who assumed the head to be a rigid sphere and the brain to be a liquid. He solved the governing equations in closed form, and his model predicted coup and contrecoup pressures at the site of impact and at a site diametrically opposite to the site of impact, respectively.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert I. King
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical EngineeringWayne State UniversityDetroitUSA

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