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From Car-Driver-Handovers to Cooperative Interfaces: Visions for Driver–Vehicle Interaction in Automated Driving

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Automotive User Interfaces

Abstract

As long as automated vehicles are not able to handle driving in every possible situation, drivers will still have to take part in the driving task from time to time. Recent research focused on handing over control entirely when automated systems reach their boundaries. Our overview on research in this domain shows that handovers are feasible, however, they are not a satisfactory solution since human factor issues such as reduced situation awareness arise in automated driving. In consequence, we suggest to implement cooperative interfaces to enable automated driving even with imperfect automation. We recommend to consider four basic requirements for driver–vehicle cooperation: mutual predictability, directability, shared situation representation, and calibrated trust in automation. We present research that can be seen as a step towards cooperative interfaces in regard to these requirements. Nevertheless, these systems are only solutions for parts of future cooperative interfaces and interaction concepts. Future design of interaction concepts in automated driving should integrate the cooperative approach in total in order to achieve safe and comfortable automated mobility.

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The authors thank the Carl-Zeiss Foundation for the partial funding of this work.

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Walch, M., Mühl, K., Kraus, J., Stoll, T., Baumann, M., Weber, M. (2017). From Car-Driver-Handovers to Cooperative Interfaces: Visions for Driver–Vehicle Interaction in Automated Driving. In: Meixner, G., Müller, C. (eds) Automotive User Interfaces. Human–Computer Interaction Series. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-49448-7_10

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