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Desire for Normality, Normative Processes and Power of Normalization

  • Béatrice Hibou
Chapter
Part of the The Sciences Po Series in International Relations and Political Economy book series (SPIRP)

Abstract

The question of normality cannot be reduced to the imposition of norms set unilaterally by the governing, or to the encounter between command and desires for obedience. What do this normality and this conformity exactly consist of? What do they mean for different actors? Does their content have any influence on the nature of legitimacy and the criteria of legitimation? Do the factors that contribute to shaping legitimacy themselves emerge from modes and styles of government, from the population’s ways of understanding power and the reflexive relation that power has with itself? This chapter analyzes the multiple modalities of the quest for well-being, of demands for order and tranquility, of the mastery of a certain moral and political economy, of clientelist relations, of the dynamics of the gift, of the struggle against the deviant. It shows that domination is exercised through complex paths, that it passes through situations that bring together—without making them converge into a homogeneous unity—different and indeed divergent logics of action, values, understandings and interests. ‘Normality,’ contextualized and relational, is a vector for the legitimation of authoritarian power because it is conceived differently by different people and categories of the population, because it is the object of different interpretations on the part of the dominant and the dominated, and especially because it can only be understood in its dynamics.

Keywords

Political Economy Power Relation German Democratic Republic Moral Economy Nazi Regime 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Béatrice Hibou
    • 1
  1. 1.CERI-SciencesPoParisFrance

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