Load-aware ACB Scheme for M2M Traffic in LTE-A Networks

  • Lijun SongEmail author
  • Wen’an Zhou
  • Yanjun Hou
  • Mengyu Gao
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes on Data Engineering and Communications Technologies book series (LNDECT, volume 2)


It’s a primary challenge to support massive machine-type devices to access in LTE-A networks. Surging random access attempts will result in severe congestion to the network. Access Class Barring (ACB) scheme is a critical barring scheme proposed by 3GPP to control access attempts to alleviate the overload for the LTE-A networks. Most existing ACB schemes just consider the ideal case and ignore the effects of radio channels while setting the ACB factors. In this paper, we propose a load-aware Access Class Barring (ACB) scheme to predict access load and adjust the barring factor dynamically, which take into account the effects of radio channels. We improve two load prediction methods. Based on the prediction, we propose a method to adjust the barring factor as the predicted traffic load varies. The simulations results demonstrate that our proposed load-aware scheme efficiently outperforms the traditional ACB scheme in access success performance.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    G. Wu, S. Talwar, K. Johnsson, N. Himayat, and K. D. Johnson.: M2M: From mobile to embedded Internet. IEEE Comm. Magazine, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 36–43, Apr. 2011.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Machina Research Sector Report.: Machine-to-Machine (M2M) communication in consumer electronics 2012-22. Feb. 2013.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. P. C. de Andrade, C. A. Astudillo and N. L. S. da Fonseca.: The impact of massive machine type communication devices on the access probability of human-to-human users in LTE networks. 2014 IEEE Latin-America Conference on Communications (LATINCOM), Cartagena de Indias, 2014, pp. 1-6.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    S.-Y. Lien, K.-C. Chen, and Y. Lin.: Toward ubiquitous massive accesses in 3GPP machine-to-machine communications. IEEE Commun. Mag.,vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 66-74, Apr. 2011.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Wang, X. Zhong, S. Mei, and J. Wang.: An adaptive medium access control mechanism for cellular based machine to machine (M2M) communication. in Proc. IEEE International Conference on Wireless Information Technology and Systems (ICWITS) 2010, pp. 1-4, Aug 2010.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    3GPP.: Access class barring and overload protection.3GPP TR23.898 V7.0.0, Mar. 2005.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    3GPP TR 37.868 V11.2.0 (2011-09): Study on RAN Improvements for Machine-type Communications. Sept. 2011.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    S. Gharbi and N. Zangar.: Adaptive multiple Access Class Barring factors for M2M communications in LTE-A Networks.2015 12th Annual IEEE Consumer Communications and Networking Conference (CCNC), Las Vegas, NV, 2015, pp. 605-606.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. Duan; V. Shah-Mansouri; Z. Wang; V. Wong.: D-ACB: Adaptive Congestion Control Algorithm for Bursty M2M Traffic in LTE Networks. in IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, vol.PP, no.99, pp.1-1.Feb.2016Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    H. He, Q. Du, H. Song, W. Li, Y. Wang and P. Ren.: Traffic-aware ACB scheme for massive access in machine-to-machine networks. 2015 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), London, 2015, pp. 617-622.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. Y. Oh, D. Hwang.: Joint Access Control and Resource Allocation for Concurrent and Massive Access of M2M Devices. in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, vol. 14, no. 8, pp. 4182-4192, Aug. 2015.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    C. M. Chou, C. Y. Huang and C. Y. Chiu.: Loading prediction and barring controls for machine type communication. 2013 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC), Budapest, 2013, pp. 5168-5172.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    3GPP TSG RAN WG2 #71 R2-104663.: [70bis#11] LTE: MTC LTE simulations. ZTE, Madrid, Spain, 23rd Aug. 2010.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. K. Gupta and S. Nadarajah, Handbook of Beta Distribution and Its Applications. CRC Press, 2004.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    U. Phuyal, A. T. Koc, Mo-Han Fong, R. Vannithamby.: Controlling access overload and signaling congestion in M2M networks. in Proc. Conference Record of the Forty Sixth Asilomar Conference on Signals,Systems and Computers (ASILOMAR) 2012, pp. 591-595, Nov. 2012.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Laya, L. Alonso.: Is the Random Access Channel of LTE and LTE-A Suitable for M2M Communications? A Survey of Alternatives. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 4-16, First Quarter 2014.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    3GPP TS 36.211.: E-UTRA Physical Channels and Modulation.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lijun Song
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wen’an Zhou
    • 1
  • Yanjun Hou
    • 1
  • Mengyu Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.School of computer scienceBeijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsBeijingChina

Personalised recommendations