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Optimum Clustering of Active Distribution Networks Using Back Tracking Search Algorithm

  • Reham A. Osama
  • Almoataz Y. AbdelazizEmail author
  • Rania A. Swief
  • Mohamed Ezzat
  • R. K. Saket
  • K. S. Anand Kumar
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9873)

Abstract

A microgrid has become the main building block of future distribution networks, demanding a systematic procedure for its optimal construction. Large distribution systems can be divided into clusters of distributed energy resources serving a group of distributed loads, known as microgrids to facilitate powerful control and operation. This paper compares the clustering of smart distribution systems into a set of microgrids based on two different objective functions. The probabilistic nature of intermittent distributed generators and loads is considered by performing a probabilistic Backward-Forward sweep power flow. The probabilistic approach aims to determine the optimal virtual cut set lines that split the system into self sufficient microgrids. The Back Tracking Search optimization algorithm is used to cluster a 69-bus distribution system with optimally allocated distributed generation units. The design concept, problem formulation, solution algorithms, probabilistic model and other graph related theories are presented in this paper.

Keywords

Clustering Distributed energy resources Microgrids Self adequacy 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reham A. Osama
    • 1
  • Almoataz Y. Abdelaziz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Rania A. Swief
    • 1
  • Mohamed Ezzat
    • 1
  • R. K. Saket
    • 2
    • 3
  • K. S. Anand Kumar
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Electric Power and Machines Department, Faculty of EngineeringAin Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of TechnologyBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia
  3. 3.Electrical DivisionCSIR-National Aerospace LaboratoriesBangaloreIndia

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