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Sleep Outcomes in Children Born Prematurely

Part of the Respiratory Medicine book series (RM)

Abstract

Emergence of sleep states and maturation of control of breathing during sleep and wake are critical developmental milestones. These important developmental trajectories may be adversely affected by the direct impact of premature birth, by comorbid conditions, by neonatal treatments, and by environmental and treatment-related exposures in the perinatal period. Disorders of respiratory control, including sudden infant death syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, are more common in infants and children born prematurely. The effects of prematurity on disordered breathing during sleep are most apparent in young children, while effects on circadian rhythm persist into adulthood.

Keywords

  • Prematurity
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • Sleep-disordered breathing
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Circadian rhythm
  • Infancy
  • Childhood
  • Adolescence
  • Adulthood

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48835-6_10
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Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Abbreviations

AHI:

Apnea hypopnea index

AI:

Apnea index

AS:

Active sleep

BMI:

Body mass index

BPD:

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

NREM:

Nonrapid eye movement

OSAS:

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome

PSG:

Polysomnogram

QS:

Quiet sleep

RDI:

Respiratory disturbance index

REM:

Rapid eye movement

SDB:

Sleep-disordered breathing

SIDS:

Sudden infant death syndrome

UARS:

Upper airway resistance syndrome

VLBW:

Very low birth weight

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Ross, K.R., Redline, S. (2017). Sleep Outcomes in Children Born Prematurely. In: Hibbs, A., Muhlebach , M. (eds) Respiratory Outcomes in Preterm Infants. Respiratory Medicine. Humana Press, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48835-6_10

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-48835-6_10

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