External and Internal Factors the Desecration and Destruction of Pre-historic Rock Paintings in Finland?

  • Francis JoyEmail author
Part of the Springer Polar Sciences book series (SPPS)


Finland hosts approximately 120 rock paintings, originating from within a pre-historic hunting culture. The metaphors, which depict symbols and figures in the art relate to Sami cultural history, religious practices and shamanism. Many of the painted sites are located close to waterways. Due to the growth of the tourist industry and expansion of urban areas in central and southern parts of the country, approximately ten present of rock paintings in Finland have been extensively damaged. Analysis of photographic material and correspondence with the National Board of Antiquities in Helsinki, which oversees heritage management in Finland, has revealed that recorded vandalism and the on-going vulnerability of many sites is linked to unclear structures and policies aimed at protecting the sacred areas. At the present time, and despite documentation of these occurrences, academic discourse has not dealt with this topic and therefore, which is what this paper aims to address.


Cultural Heritage Tourist Industry Photographic Material Sacred Site Cultural Tourism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Arctic CentreUniversity of LaplandRovaniemiFinland

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