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Safeguarding Sacred Sites in the Subarctic Zone – Three Case Studies from Northern Russia

  • Stephan DudeckEmail author
  • Aleksei Anatol’evich Rud’
  • Rudolf Havelka
  • Nikolai Mikhailovich Terebikhin
  • Marina Nikolaevna Melyutina
Chapter
Part of the Springer Polar Sciences book series (SPPS)

Abstract

In order to provide an overview of the present day situation of sacred places of indigenous people leading a seminomadic or sedentary lifestyle in multi-ethnic regions in the subarctic zone we present here ethnographic case studies from two geographical regions and three ethnic groups. We concentrate on an anthropological analysis of practices around indigenous sacred sites of Russian villagers in the Kenozero National Park (Arkhangelsk Region), and the Forest Nenets and Eastern Khanty in the middle Ob River region in Western Siberia. We analyse ongoing processes of identification, description and classification of sacred sites, the processes of acculturation and interethnic relations between indigenous people and incoming settlers, and the influence of different non-indigenous groups and their interest in the protection of sacred sites. Different groups: tourists, Christian missionaries, oil and gas workers, scientists, journalists and politicians have nowadays an impact on different forms of land use on sacred sites – religious activities, tourism, ethnographic and archaeological research and extractive industries. Different groups and different concepts of ‘use’ are associated with different and sometimes opposed concepts of protection, education (knowledge transmission), recognition and respect but also punishment and retaliation for violations of sacred sites of indigenous people.

Keywords

Forest Nenets Eastern Khanty Ritual practices Extractive industry Tourism Western Siberia Russian subarctic 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephan Dudeck
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aleksei Anatol’evich Rud’
    • 2
  • Rudolf Havelka
    • 1
  • Nikolai Mikhailovich Terebikhin
    • 3
  • Marina Nikolaevna Melyutina
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Arctic CentreUniversity of LaplandRovaniemiFinland
  2. 2.Historical and Cultural Research and Production Center «Barsova Gora»SurgutRussian Federation
  3. 3.Northern (Arctic) Federal University named after M.V. LomonosovArkhangelskRussian Federation
  4. 4.National Park „Kenozerskii“Arkhangelskaya oblastRussian Federation

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