Policy Borrowing in Vocational Education and Training (VET) – VET System Typologies and the “6 P Strategy” for Transfer Analysis

  • Matthias PilzEmail author
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 24)


The issue of exporting VET systems is currently very topical in the international debate. It is, however, surprising that there is virtually no recent research into such areas as practicability, successes achieved, problems encountered, and long-term impact.

If a transfer approach should be successful, there must be at a first stage a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the diverse needs and perspectives of the local stakeholder groups. In line with this logic, the paper presents an analytical tool that can be used to categorise individual countries in terms of the way VET is perceived and designed within the specific socio-cultural context. This also enables initial indicators of potential needs to be identified.

The next stage in the paper is, to focus on the actual transfer of all or part of a VET system from one country to another. There has so far been no adequate explanation of how this might be done. The existing empirical findings show that transfer is a major challenge for all those involved. The approach is intended to provide a structure for such transfers and identify possible problems or obstacles before the process gets under way. This approach, labelled as the “6 P strategy”, is based on the findings documented in the literature and supplemented with the author’s experience of a range of transfer projects.


Vocational Training Skilled Staff Skill Formation Employment System Vocational Training System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lehrstuhls für Wirtschafts- und SozialpädagogikUniversität zu KölnKölnGermany

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