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Business and Administration Occupations – Findings About Differences and Similarities in Their Requirements and Mentalities

  • Franz KaiserEmail author
  • Silvia Annen
  • Michael Tiemann
Chapter
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 24)

Abstract

In Germany, a change in the economic structure happened similar to nearly all western economically highly developed industrial nations: A growth of the service sector and a decrease in the production sector. Due to the increasing number of business and administrative occupations in Germany, Austria and Switzerland as well as to demographic developments, a discussion has emerged about how many different occupations and training regulations are needed in this field.

The paper is based on findings of a research project at the German Federal Institute of Vocational Education and Training (BIBB).To find similarities and differences of these occupations, we used a broad methodological approach during a four-year project. This approach included a detailed qualitative analysis of all the training regulations and curricula for the training part in schools, an employee survey, a historical and sociological study, and a comparative study of German-speaking countries.

Our project revealed that the similarities between these occupations clearly outweigh the differences, with nearly all of them having in common controlling, accounting and commercial management, as well as processing information and communication with clients. On the other hand, though, a detailed analysis also showed a number of differences, such as the particular mentalities and competences in the various vocational branches. Based on the similarities between qualifications and on the findings of the comparative study, we suggest developing key curricula for all business and administration occupations. They would give qualified skilled workers more opportunities in the labour market and help to recognize the outcome of VET-based training for university degrees. Finally, a more critical look at the bundle of qualifications in those occupations opens a lack of ethical reflections concerning the way things happen in the economic business.

Keywords

Generic Skill Training Occupation Service Trader Management Occupation Training Regulation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für BerufspädagogikUniversität RostockRostockGermany
  2. 2.Federal Institute of Vocational Education and Training (BIBB)BonnGermany

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