On the Improvement of School-Enterprise Cooperation (SEC) in China

  • Zhen HeEmail author
  • Liangcai Xie
  • Yuzhu Li
Part of the Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects book series (TVET, volume 24)


School-enterprise cooperation is a basic institution of Chinese technical and vocational education and training (TVET). However, at present, School- Enterprise Cooperation (SEC) in China lacks sufficient motivation at various aspects, and numerous problems exist. This research applies questionnaire and interview methods to principals and vice principals of higher vocational colleges and human resource managers of enterprises in Beijing, Shenyang, Fushun, Jilin, Tieling, and so on to investigate the current state of school-enterprise cooperation. Problems identified include the provision of financing from only one source, enterprises’ low level of involvement and commitment, reform lagging behind in qualification certification, and the low status of skilled workers. From the perspective of institutional complementarity theory, these problems reflect imperfect response systems. These TVET systems represent an important orientation of school-enterprise cooperation research beyond merely cooperation itself – in this regard, four proposals are presented in the basis of comparison between the situation in China and in other countries: A co-funding system, co-contribution to joint training by schools and enterprises, linking TVET with qualification certification, and improving the professional title system for skilled workers.


Vocational Education Skilled Worker Qualification Certification Vocational Qualification Vocational College 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Funding of this research work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the People’s Republic of China in the humanities and social science (Project name: Research of The Production-Education Cooperation Institution Innovation, No. 13YJA880025).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationBeijing Normal UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Faculty of Labour Science and LawBeijing Wuzi UniversityBeijingChina

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