The Life Cycle of Engineered Nanoparticles

  • David González-Gálvez
  • Gemma Janer
  • Gemma Vilar
  • Alejandro Vílchez
  • Socorro Vázquez-CamposEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 947)


The first years in the twenty-first century have meant the inclusion of nanotechnology in most industrial sectors, from very specific sensors to construction materials. The increasing use of nanomaterials in consumer products has raised concerns about their potential risks for workers, consumers and the environment. In a comprehensive risk assessment or life cycle assessment, a life cycle schema is the starting point necessary to build up the exposure scenarios and study the processes and mechanisms driving to safety concerns. This book chapter describes the processes that usually occur at all the stages of the life cycle of the nano-enabled product, from the nanomaterial synthesis to the end-of-life of the products. Furthermore, release studies reported in literature related to these processes are briefly discussed.


Life Cycle Nanomaterials Nanocomposites Release Risk 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • David González-Gálvez
    • 1
  • Gemma Janer
    • 1
  • Gemma Vilar
    • 1
  • Alejandro Vílchez
    • 1
  • Socorro Vázquez-Campos
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.LEITAT Technological CenterTerrassa (Barcelona)Spain

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