Advertisement

Golden or Green? Growth Infrastructures and Resistance in Goa

  • Kenneth Bo Nielsen
  • Solano Jose Savio Da Silva
Chapter
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Urban Anthropology book series (PSUA)

Abstract

This chapter explores how infrastructure projects help materialise utopian visions of a ‘new India’. It does this by focussing on the aviation sector and the specific case of a proposed greenfield airport at Mopa located in the state of Goa. It shows how the proposed project deviates from old-styled airports in terms of being conceived as an ‘airport city’, into a space of consumption, which is itself connected with other utopian projects such as golf courses, marinas, and luxury resorts. Importantly the chapter also demonstrates that such infrastructure projects have generated their own politics of dispossession leading to stiff opposition which has in turn led to the articulation of counter-utopias.

Keywords

Smart City International Airport Civil Aviation Special Economic Zone Land Acquisition 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Abreu, Savio. 2014. The Struggle Against SEZ in Goa. In Goa 2011: Reviewing and Recovering Fifty Years, ed. Savio Abreu and Rudolf C. Heredia. New Delhi: Concept Publishing.Google Scholar
  2. Auge, Marc. 1995. Non-places: Introduction to an Anthropology of Supermodernity. London: Verso.Google Scholar
  3. B&F Realty. n.d. B&F Realty. Accessed 20th April 2016. http://www.bfrealty.in.
  4. Bedi, Heather P. 2013. Special Economic Zones: National Land Challenges, Localized Protest. Contemporary South Asia 21(1): 38–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Björkman, Lisa. 2015. Pipe Politics, Contested Waters: Embedded Infrastructures of Millennial Mumbai. Durham: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chatterjee, Partha. 2008. Democracy and Economic Transformation in India. Economic & Political Weekly 42(16): 53–62.Google Scholar
  7. Corbridge, Stuart, and John Harriss. 2000. Reinventing India. Cambridge: Polity Press.Google Scholar
  8. Corbridge, Stuart, and Alpa Shah. 2013. The Underbelly of the Indian Boom. Economy and Society 42(3).Google Scholar
  9. D’Costa, Anthony P., ed. 2010. A New India? Critical Reflections in the Long Twentieth Century. London: Anthem Press.Google Scholar
  10. Da Silva, Solano Jose Savio. 2014. The Dynamics of Reversal. In Power, Policy and Protest: The Politics of India’s Special Economic Zones, ed. Richard Jenkins, Loraine Kennedy, and Partha Mukhopadhyay. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Datta, Ayona. 2015. New Urban Utopias of Postcolonial India: ‘Entrepreneurial Urbanization’ in Dholera Smart City, Gujarat. Dialogues in Human Geography 5(1): 3–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. de Souza, Hartman. 2015. Eat Dust: Mining and Greed in Goa. Delhi: Harper Litmus.Google Scholar
  13. Ernst & Young. 2014. Engineering, Procurement and Construction: Making India Brick by Brick. Accessed 15 June 2015. http://www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/EY-making-india-brick-by-brick/$FILE/EY-making-india-brick-by-brick.pdf
  14. Gokhale, Nihar. 2016. Disaster Airport: Goa’s New Runway in Mopa will Run the Ecology Over. Catch News, March 8. Accessed 26 April 2016. http://archive.catchnews.com/environment-news/green-clearance-to-goa-s-mopa-airport-is-a-joke-here-s-why-1457458602.html
  15. Goswami, Rahul. 2008. The Konkan Packaging Company of Goa. Economic and Political Weekly 43(6): 10–11.Google Scholar
  16. Government of Goa. 2015. Environmental Impact Assessment Study for the Proposed Greenfield International Airport at Mopa, Goa. Panjim: Government of Goa.Google Scholar
  17. Government of India, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion. 2015. Make in India: Investment Opportunities in India January 2015. Delhi: Government of India, Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion.Google Scholar
  18. Gupta, Akhil. 2015. Suspension. Cultural Anthropology, September 24. Accessed 27 April 2016. http://www.culanth.org/fieldsights/722-suspension
  19. Harvey, Penney, and Hannah Knox. 2015. Roads: An Anthropology of Infrastructure and Expertise. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  20. Herald. 2015. The Treasure of Tiracol Displayed to the World: From Barren to Beautiful [Advertisement by Leading Hotels], Herald. May 31, p. 1Google Scholar
  21. Howe, Cymene, et al. 2015. Paradoxical Infrastructures: Ruins, Retrofit, and Risk. Science, Technology, & Human Values. doi: 10.1177/0162243915620017.Google Scholar
  22. Indian Express . 2012. Goa Plans to Attract 6 mn Tourists in 5 yrs. June 30. Accessed 14 January 2016. http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/goa-plans-to-attract-6-mn-tourists-in-5-yrs/
  23. Jensen, Casper Bruun, and Atsuro Morita. 2015. Infrastructures as Ontological Experiments. Engaging Science, Technology, and Society 1(2015): 81–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Kaul, Vivek. 2015. How State Governments are Supporting High Real Estate Prices. Yahoo Finance India, August 18. Accessed 26 April 2016. https://in.finance.yahoo.com/news/how-state-governments-are-supporting-high-real-estate-prices-165616138.html
  25. Kaur, Ravinder. 2012. Nation’s Two Bodies: Rethinking the Idea of ‘new’ India and its other. Third World Quarterly 33(4): 603–621.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. ———. 2015. Post-exotic India: On Remixed Histories and Smart Images. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power 23(3): 307–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kaur, Ravinder, and Thomas Blom Hansen. 2015. Aesthetics of Arrival: Spectacle, Capital and Novelty in Post-reform India. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power 23(3): 265–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kennedy, Loraine. 2014. The Politics of Economic Restructuring in India. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  29. Kohli, Atul. 2012. Poverty Amid Plenty in the New India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kuldova, Tereza. 2014. Designing an Illusion of India’s Future Superpowerdom: Of the Rise of Neo-Aristocracy, Hindutva and Philanthrocapitalism. The Unfamiliar: An Anthropological Journal 4(1): 15–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lalchandani, Neha. 2010. IGI’s Swanky Terminal 3 Takes India into Club Class. Times of India, July 4. Accessed 27 April 2016. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/IGIs-swanky-Terminal-3-takes-India-into-club-class/articleshow/6126065.cms
  32. Levien, Michael. 2015. From Primitive Accumulation to Regimes of Dispossession: Theses on India’s Land Question. Economic and Political Weekly 50(22): 146–157.Google Scholar
  33. Ministry of Civil Aviation. 2010. Strategic Plan Ministry Of Civil Aviation: 2010–15. Accessed 14 January 2016. http://civilaviation.gov.in/sites/default/files/mocaplan.pdf
  34. ———. 2015. Draft National Civil Aviation Policy 2015. New Delhi: Government of India.Google Scholar
  35. Münster, Daniel. 2015. Farmers’ Suicide and the Moral Economy of Agriculture: Victimhood, Voice, and Agro-Environmental Responsibility in South India. In Suicide and Agency: Anthropological Perspectives on Self-Destruction, Personhood, and Power, ed. Ludek Broz and Daniel Münster, 105–125. Farnham: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  36. Newman, Robert S. 1984. Goa: The Transformation of an Indian Region. Pacific Affairs 57(3): 429–449.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. ———. 2001. Of Umbrellas, Goddesses & Dreams: Essays on Goan Culture and Society. Mapusa: Other India Press.Google Scholar
  38. Nielsen, Kenneth Bo. 2015. Mopa Airport Woes. Economic and Political Weekly 50(24). Web exclusive available at http://www.epw.in/reports-states/mopa-airport-woes.html
  39. Nielsen, Kenneth Bo, and Harold Wilhite. 2015. The Rise and Fall of the ‘People’s Car’: Middle-Class Aspirations, Status and Mobile Symbolism in ‘New India’. Contemporary South Asia 23(4): 618–639.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Oskarsson, Patrik. 2017. The Nature of Bauxite Mining and Adivasi Livelihoods in the Industrialisation of Eastern India. In Industrialising Rural India: Land, Policy and Resistance, ed. Kenneth Bo Nielsen and Patrik Oskarsson. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
  41. Phadnis, Aneesh and Arindam Majumder. 2016. Air Show Highlights Opportunities in Indian Aviation. Business Standard, March 16. Accessed 26 April 2016. http://www.business-standard.com/article/companies/air-show-highlights-opportunities-in-indian-aviation-116032000702_1.html
  42. Ruparelia, Sanjay, Sanjay Reddy, John Harriss, and Stuart Corbridge, ed. 2011. Understanding India’s New Political Economy: A Great Transformation? Oxford: Routledge.Google Scholar
  43. Sampat, Preeti. 2013. The ‘Goan Impasse’: Land Rights and Resistance to SEZs in Goa, India. LDPI working paper no 53. The Hague: The Land Deal Politics Initiative.Google Scholar
  44. ———. 2014. Right to Land and the Rule of Law. PhD diss, City University of New York.Google Scholar
  45. Sanyal, Kalyan K. 2007. Rethinking Capitalist Development: Primitive Accumulation, Governmentality and the Post-Colonial Capitalism. New Delhi: Routledge.Google Scholar
  46. Sequeira, Newton. 2015. Next Yachting Destination, Goa? Times of India, 16 April. Accessed 14 January 2016. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/goa/Next-yachting-destination-Goa/articleshow/46938322.cms
  47. Shiva, V., S. Jani, and S.M. Fontana. 2011. The Great Indian Land Grab. New Delhi: Navdanya.Google Scholar
  48. Siqueira, Alito. 1991. Tourism and the Drama of Goan Ethnicity. Paper presented at the conference A Challenge to all Religions—All India Consultation: The Human Cost in Modern Tourism, organized by the Ecumenical Coalition on Third World Tourism (ECTWT) in Vasco da Gama (Goa), Nov. 4–9.Google Scholar
  49. Tichur, Raghuraman S. 2013. Refiguring Goa: From Trading Post to Tourism Destination. Goa: Goa 1556.Google Scholar
  50. Times of India . 2013a. Mopa Farmers Vow not to Part with Fields for Airport. July 21. Accessed 26 April 2016. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/goa/Mopa-farmers-vow-not-to-part-with-fields-for-airport/articleshow/21210302.cms
  51. ——— . 2013b. ‘People for Mopa’ Garners Support in Mapusa. August 24. Accessed 26 April 2016. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/goa/People-for-Mopa-garners-support-in-Mapusa/articleshow/22017354.cms
  52. Video Volunteers. 2015. Save Tiracol Save Goa. Video Volunteers [online]. Accessed 12 January 2016 http://www.videovolunteers.org/savetiracol/
  53. Weinstein, Liza. 2008. Mumbai’s Development Mafias: Globalization, Organized Crime and Land Development. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 32(1): 22–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenneth Bo Nielsen
    • 1
  • Solano Jose Savio Da Silva
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  2. 2.Department of Humanities & Social SciencesBITS-Pilani, K. K. Birla Goa CampusSancoaleIndia

Personalised recommendations