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Evidence on Conflict Resolution: Partial Agreements and Overall Failed Attempts, 1937–2014

  • Michael Brecher
Chapter

Abstract

The Arab-Israel protracted conflict (PC) has experienced more attempts at conflict resolution than any other active PC since the end of World War I:
  • Peel Commission Report (7 July 1937)

  • UN Partition Resolution 181 (29 November 1947)

  • UN Conciliation Commission for Palestine (UNCCP), Lausanne Conference (27 April–12 September 1949)

  • UN Security Council Resolution 242 (22 November 1967)

  • Jarring Mediation (23 November 1967–March 1971)

  • Camp David Summit I and Egypt–Israel Peace Agreement (5 September 1978–26 March 1979)

  • Israel–Lebanon Abortive Agreement (17 May 1983)

  • Arafat Statement at Stockholm News Conference and Address to UN General Assembly (8 and 13 December 1988)

  • Madrid Peace Conference (30 October–1 November 1991)

  • Oslo I Accord (20 August and 13 September 1993)

  • Gaza–Jericho Agreement (4 May 1994)

  • Oslo II Accord (28 September 1995)

  • Hebron Agreement (17 January 1997)

  • Wye River Memorandum (23 October 1998)

  • Sharm el-Sheikh Memorandum (4 September 1999)

  • Camp David Summit II (11–25 July 2000)

  • Clinton Parameters (23–27 December 2000)

  • Taba Talks (21–27 January 2001)

  • Arab Peace Initiative (27 March 2002)

  • Road Map for Peace (24 June 2002)

  • Olmert Peace Plan (September 2008)

  • Israel–Palestine Peace Talks—Kerry Mediation Effort (29 July 2013–29 April 2014)

Arab-Israel PC: Conditions Favorable to Conflict Resolution
  • Exhaustion

  • Changes in Balance of Capability Between Adversaries—Narrowing the Gap

  • External Pressures for Conflict Resolution

  • Domestic Pressures for Conflict Resolution

  • Reduction in Discordance Among Basic Objectives

  • Decline in Conflict-Sustaining Acts

Keywords

Conflict Resolution Gaza Strip Gulf Cooperation Council Peace Process Peace Agreement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Brecher
    • 1
  1. 1.McGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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