Advertisement

Elder Abuse pp 45-65 | Cite as

Global Prevalence of Elder Abuse in the Community

  • Joah L. Williams
  • Margaret Davis
  • Ron AciernoEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Evidence suggests that abuse and mistreatment of community-residing older adults is commonplace around the world, although estimates vary wildly across regions, cultures, and sociopolitical situations. The purpose of this chapter is to highlight efforts across the globe to explore the prevalence of elder abuse. In particular, we focus on recent work from the United States and Canada, Europe, Israel, and Asia and the Western Pacific. This chapter also addresses methodological issues in assessing elder abuse that may contribute to different prevalence estimates across studies and regions, and underscores the importance of establishing expert consensus guidelines in defining specific acts of abuse to allow for greater comparison of findings across studies.

Keywords

Elder abuse Elder mistreatment Prevalence Assessment 

References

  1. 1.
    Abdel Rahman TT, El Gaafary MM. Elder mistreatment in a rural area in Egypt. Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2012;12:532–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Abrams RC, Lachs M, McAvay G, Keohane DJ, Bruce ML. Predictors of self-neglect in community-dwelling elders. Am J Psychiatry. 2002;159:1724–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Acierno R. Elder mistreatment: Epidemiological assessment methodology. In: Bonnie RJ, Wallace RB, editors. Elder mistreatment: abuse, neglect, and exploitation in an aging America. Washington: National Academies Press; 2003. p. 261–302.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Acierno R, Hernandez MA, Amstadter AB, Resnick HS, Steve K, Muzzy W, Kilpatrick DG. Prevalence and correlates of emotional, physical, sexual, and financial abuse and potential neglect in the United States: the national elder mistreatment study. Am J Public Health. 2010;100:292–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Acierno R, Resnick H, Kilpatrick D, Stark-Riemer W. Assessing elder victimization: demonstration of a methodology. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 2003;38:644–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ajdukovic M, Ogresta J, Rusac S. Family violence and health among elderly in Croatia. J Aggress Maltreat Trauma. 2009;18:261–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Amstadter AB, Zajac K, Strachan M, Hernandez MA, Kilpatrick DG, Acierno R. Prevalence and correlates of elder mistreatment in South Carolina: the South Carolina elder mistreatment study. J Interpers Violence. 2011;26:2947–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Anthony EK, Lehning AJ, Austin MJ, Peck MD. Assessing elder mistreatment: instrument development and implications for adult protective services. J Gerontol Soc Work. 2009;52(8):815–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Beach SR, Schulz R, Castle NG, Rosen J. Financial exploitation and psychological mistreatment among older adults: differences between African Americans and non-African Americans in a population-based survey. The Gerontologist. 2010;50:744–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Beach SR, Schulz R, Degenholtz HB, Castle NG, Rosen J, Fox AR, Morycz RK. Using audio computer-assisted self-interviewing and interactive voice response to measure elder mistreatment in older adults: feasibility and effects on prevalence estimates. J Off Stat. 2010;26(3):507.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Biggs S, Manthorpe J, Tinker A, Doyle M, Erens B. Mistreatment of older people in the United Kingdom: findings from the first national prevalence study. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2009;21:1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bonnie RJ, Wallace RB, editors. Elder mistreatment: abuse, neglect, and exploitation in an aging America. Washington: National Academies Press; 2003.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Breslau N, Davis GC, Andreski P, Petersen E. Traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder in an urban population of young adults. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1991;48:216–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Buri H, Daly JM, Hartz AJ, Jogerst GJ. Factors associated with self-reported elder mistreatment in Iowa’s frailest elders. Res Aging. 2006;28:562–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Burnes D, Pillemer K, Caccamise PL, Mason A, Henderson CR, Berman J, et al. Prevalence of and risk factors for elder abuse and neglect in the community: a population-based study. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015;63:1906–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cadmus EO, Owoaje ET. Prevalence and correlates of elder abuse among older women in rural and urban communities in south western Nigeria. Health Care Women Int. 2012;33:973–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Carmona-Torres JM, López-Soto PJ, Coimbra-Roca AI, Gálvez-Rioja RM, Goergen T, Rodríguez-Borrego MA (2015) Elder abuse in a developing area in Bolivia. J Interpers Violence (advance online publication).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chokkanathan S, Lee AEY. Elder mistreatment in urban India: a community based study. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2005;17:45–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Comijs HC, Pot AM, Smit JH, Bouter LM, Jonker C. Elder abuse in the community: prevalence and consequences. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1998;46:885–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Cooper C, Selwood A, Blanchard M, Walker Z, Blizard R, Livingston G. Abuse of people with dementia by family carers: representative cross sectional survey. BMJ. 2009;338:b155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Cooper C, Selwood A, Livingston G. The prevalence of elder abuse and neglect: a systematic review. Age Ageing. 2008;37:151–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    DeLiema M, Gassoumis ZD, Homeier DC, Wilber KH. Determining prevalence and correlates of elder abuse using promoters: low income immigrant Latinos report high rates of abuse and neglect. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2012;60:1333–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Dong X. Do the definitions of elder mistreatment subtypes matter? Findings from the PINE study. J Gerontol Ser A. 2014;69:S68–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Dong X. Elder abuse: systematic review and implications for practice. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015;63:1214–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Dong X, Chen R, Fulmer T, Simon MA. Prevalence and correlates of elder mistreatment in a community-dwelling population of U.S. Chinese older adults. J Aging Health. 2014;26:1209–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dong X, Simon MA, Evans DA. Prevalence of self-neglect across gender, race, and socioeconomic status: findings from the Chicago Health and Aging Project. Gerontology. 2012;58:258–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Dong X, Simon MA, Gorbien M. Elder abuse and neglect in an urban Chinese population. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2007;19:79–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Garre-Olmo J, Planas-Pujol X, López-Pousa S, Juvinyà D, Vilà A, Vilalta-Franch J, the Frailty and Dependence in Girona Study Group. Prevalence and risk factors of suspected elder abuse subtypes in people aged 75 and older. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009;57:815–22.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Gil AP, Kislaya I, Santos AJ, Nunes B, Nicolau R, Fernandes AA. Elder abuse in Portugal: findings from the first national prevalence study. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2015;27:174–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Guedes DT, Alvarado BE, Phillips SP, Curcio CL, Zunzunegui MV, Guerra RO. Socioeconomic status, social relations, and domestic violence (DV) against elderly people in Canada, Albania, Colombia, and Brazil. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2015;60:492–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Hanson RF, Kilpatrick DG, Falsetti SA, Resnick HS. Violent crime and mental health. In: Freedy JR, Hobfoll SE, editors. Traumatic stress: from theory to practice. New York: Plenum Press; 1995. p. 129–61.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Iecovich E, Lankri M, Drori D. Elder abuse and neglect—a pilot incidence study in Israel. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2004;16:45–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Brinig MF, Dawson JD, Schmuch GA, Ingram JG. Domestic elder abuse and the law. Am J Public Health. 2003;93(12):2131–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Kennedy RD. Elder abuse and neglect: the experience, knowledge, and attitudes of primary care physicians. FAMILY MEDICINE-KANSAS CITY-. 2005 Jul 1;37(7):481–485.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Kilpatrick DG, Saunders BE, Amick-McMullan A, Best CL, Veronen LJ, Resnick HS. Victim and crime factors associated with the development of crime-related post-traumatic stress disorder. Behav Ther. 1989;20:199–214.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Kissal A, Beşer A. Elder abuse and neglect in a population offering care by a primary health care center in Izmir, Turkey. Soc Work Health Care. 2011;50:158–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Kivelӓ SL, Kӧngӓs-Saviaro P, Kesti E, Pahkala K, Ijӓs ML. Abuse in old age—epidemiological data from Finland. J Elder Abuse Negl. 1992;4:1–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Koss MP, Goodman LA, Browne A, Fitzgerald LF, et al (1993) No safe haven: violence against women at home, at work, and in the community. Final report of the American Psychological Association Women’s Programs Office Task Force on Violence Against Women.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Lachs M, Berman J. Under the radar: New York State Elder Abuse Prevalence Study. Final report prepared by Lifespan of Greater Rochester, Inc., Weill Cornell Medical Center of Cornell University, and New York City Department for the Aging. 2011.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Laumann EO, Leitsch SA, Waite LJ. Elder mistreatment in the United States: prevalence estimates from a nationally representative study. J Gerontol Ser B. 2008;63:S248–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Lee M, Kim K. Prevalence and risk factors for self-neglect among older adults living alone in South Korea. Int J Aging Hum Dev. 2014;78:115–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Lindert J, Luna J, Torres-Gonzalez F, Barros H, Ioannidi-Kapolou E, Melchiorre MG, et al. Abuse and neglect of older persons in seven cities in seven countries in Europe: a cross-sectional community study. Int J Public Health. 2013;58:121–32.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Lindert J, Luna J, Torres-Gonzalez F, Barros H, Ioannidi-Kapolou E, Quattrini S, et al. Study design, sampling and assessment methods of the European study ‘abuse of the elderly in the European region’. Eur J Pub Health. 2012;22:662–6.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Lowenstein A, Eisikovits Z, Band-Winterstein T, Enosh J. Is elder abuse and neglect a social phenomenon? Data from the First National Prevalence Survey in Israel. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2009;21:253–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Moon A, Williams O. Perceptions of elder abuse and help-seeking patterns among African-American, Caucasian American, and Korean-American elderly women. The Gerontologist. 1993;33(3):386–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Naughton C, Drennan J, Lyons I, Lafferty A, Treacy M, Phelan A, Delaney L. Elder abuse and neglect in Ireland: results from a national prevalence survey. Age Ageing. 2011;41:98–103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Oh J, Kim HS, Martins D, Kim H. A study of elder abuse in Korea. Int J Nurs Stud. 2006;43:203–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Oveisi S, Karimi R, Mahram M. Note from Iran: self-reported elder abuse in Qazvin, 2012. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2014;26:337–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    O’Keeffe M, Hills A, Doyle M, McCreadie C, Scholes S, Constantine R, Erens B. UK study of abuse and neglect of older people: prevalence survey report. London, UK: National Centre for Social Research; 2007.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Perel-Levin S. Discussing screening for elder abuse at primary health care level. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2008.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Peterson JC, Burnes DPR, Caccamise PL, Henderson CR, Wells MT, Berman J, Lachs MS. Financial exploitation of older adults: a population-based prevalence study. J Gen Intern Med. 2014;29:1615–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Pillemer K, Finkelhor D. The prevalence of elder abuse: a random sample survey. Gerontologist. 1988;28:51–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Podnieks E. National survey on abuse of the elderly in Canada. J Elder Abuse Negl. 1993;41:5–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Puchkov PV. Elder abuse: current research in the Russian Federation (2004–2006). J Adult Prot. 2006;8:4–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Pérez-Cárceles MD, Rubio L, Pereniguez JE, Pérez-Flores D, Osuna E, Luna A. Suspicion of elder abuse in South Eastern Spain: the extent and risk factors. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2009;49:132–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Resnick HS, Falsetti SA, Kilpatrick DG, Freedy JR. Assessment of rape and other civilian trauma-related PTSD: emphasis on assessment of potentially traumatic events. In: Miller TW, editor. Theory and assessment of stressful life events. Madison: International Universities Press; 1996. p. 235–71.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Resnick HS, Kilpatrick DG, Dansky BS, Saunders BE, Best CL. Prevalence of civilian trauma and PTSD in a representative national sample of women. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1993;61:984–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Saikia AM, Mahanta N, Mahanta A, Deka AJ, Kakati A. Prevalence and risk factors of abuse among community dwelling elderly of Guwahati City, Assam. Indian J Community Med. 2015;40:279–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Sasaki M, Arai Y, Kumamoto K, Abe K, Arai A, Mizuno Y. Factors related to potentially harmful behaviors towards disabled older people by family caregivers in Japan. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2007;22:250–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Schofield MJ, Mishra GD. Validity of self-report screening scale for elder abuse: Women’s Health Australia Study. The Gerontologist. 2003;43(1):110–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Soares JJF, Barros H, Torres-Gonzales F, Ioannidi-Kapolou E, Lamua G, Lindert J, Stankunas M. Abuse and health among elderly in Europe. Kaunas: Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Press; 2010.Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Somjinda Chompunud ML, Charoenyooth C, Palmer MH, Pongthavornkamol K, Vorapongsathorn T, Jitapunkul S. Prevalence, associated factors and predictors of elder abuse in Thailand. Pac Rim Int J Nurs Res. 2010;14:283–96.Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Stevens S, Bharucha A, Christel M, Hauptmann A, Wactlar H, Chen D. Automatic collection, analysis, access, and archiving of individual and group psycho-social behavior. In: Proceedings of the 3rd ACM workshop on continuous archival and retrieval of personal experiences. ACM; 2006, p. 27–34.Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Tareque MI, Islam TM, Koshio A, Kawahara K. Economic well-being and elder abuse in Rajshahi district of Bangladesh. Res Aging. 2015;37:200–24.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Tatara T. The national elder abuse incidence study: executive summary. New York: Human Services Press; 1997.Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Principles of epidemiology in public health practice. 3rd ed. Atlanta: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2012.Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health, National Institute on Aging. Global health and aging (NIH Publication No. 11-7737); 2011. Retrieved from http://www.who.int/ageing/publications/global_health.pdf.
  68. 68.
    Wiglesworth A, Mosqueda L, Mulnard R, Liao S, Gibbs L, Fitzgerald W. Screening for abuse and neglect of people with dementia. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2010;58:493–500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 69.
    World Health Organization and International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse. Missing voices: views of older persons on elder abuse. Geneva: World Health Organization and International Network for the Prevention of Elder Abuse; 2002.Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Wu L, Chen H, Hu Y, Xiang H, Yu X, Zhang T, Wang Y. Prevalence and associated factors of elder mistreatment in a rural community in People’s Republic of China: a cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e33857.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Yan E, Tang CS. Prevalence and psychological impact of Chinese elder abuse. J Interpers Violence. 2001;16:1158–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joah L. Williams
    • 1
  • Margaret Davis
    • 2
  • Ron Acierno
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Missouri—Kansas CityKansas CityUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryVA Ann Arbor Health Care System/University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  3. 3.College of NursingMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA
  4. 4.Ralph H. Johnson Veterans Affairs Medical CenterCharlestonUSA

Personalised recommendations