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Kongsfjorden as Harbinger of the Future Arctic: Knowns, Unknowns and Research Priorities

  • Kai BischofEmail author
  • Peter Convey
  • Pedro Duarte
  • Jean-Pierre Gattuso
  • Maria Granberg
  • Haakon Hop
  • Clara Hoppe
  • Carlos Jiménez
  • Leonid Lisitsyn
  • Brezo Martinez
  • Michael Y. Roleda
  • Peter Thor
  • Józef M. Wiktor
  • Geir Wing Gabrielsen
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Polar Ecology book series (AVPE, volume 2)

Abstract

Due to its year-round accessibility and excellent on-site infrastructure, Kongsfjorden and the Ny-Ålesund Research and Monitoring Facility have become established as a primary location to study the impact of environmental change on Arctic coastal ecosystems. Due to its location right at the interface of Arctic and Atlantic oceanic regimes, Kongsfjorden already experiences large amplitudes of variability in physico/chemical conditions and might, thus, be considered as an early warning indicator of future changes, which can then be extrapolated in a pan-Arctic perspective. Already now, Kongsfjorden represents one of the best-studied Arctic fjord systems. However, research conducted to date has concentrated largely on small disciplinary projects, prompting the need for a higher level of integration of future research activities. This contribution, thus, aims at identifying gaps in knowledge and research priorities with respect to ecological and adaptive responses to Arctic ecosystem changes. By doing so we aim to provide a stimulus for the initiation of new international and interdisciplinary research initiatives.

Keywords

Flagship program Monitoring Land-sea-ocean-interaction Indicator species Pan-Arctic 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful to the Svalbard Science Forum for providing funding for the workshop “Adaptation to environmental changes in the Arctic” that took place in Tromsø, 10–12 October 2016, and formed the basis of the present contribution. Authors are also thankful to the Norwegian Polar Institute to be the host and providing additional financial support to the workshop. KB is grateful for the financial and logistical support provided by the Alfred Wegener Institute. PC is supported by NERC core funding to the British Antarctic Survey ‘Biodiversity, Evolution and Adaptation’ Team. JPG is supported by IPEV, the French Polar Institute. CJ is supported by research project CGL2015-67014R of the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness of Spain.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kai Bischof
    • 1
    Email author
  • Peter Convey
    • 2
  • Pedro Duarte
    • 3
  • Jean-Pierre Gattuso
    • 4
    • 5
  • Maria Granberg
    • 6
  • Haakon Hop
    • 3
    • 7
  • Clara Hoppe
    • 8
  • Carlos Jiménez
    • 9
  • Leonid Lisitsyn
    • 10
  • Brezo Martinez
    • 11
  • Michael Y. Roleda
    • 12
  • Peter Thor
    • 3
  • Józef M. Wiktor
    • 13
  • Geir Wing Gabrielsen
    • 3
    • 14
  1. 1.Marine Botany, Faculty Biology/ChemistryUniversity of BremenBremenGermany
  2. 2.British Antarctic Survey, NERCCambridgeUK
  3. 3.Norwegian Polar Institute, Fram CentreTromsøNorway
  4. 4.Laboratoire d’Océanographie de VillefrancheSorbonne Université, CNRSVillefranche-sur-merFrance
  5. 5.Institute for Sustainable Development and International RelationsSciences PoParisFrance
  6. 6.Department of Natural Resources & Environmental Effects, IVL-Swedish Environmental Research InstituteSven Lovén Centre for Marine InfrastructureKristinebergSweden
  7. 7.Department of Arctic and Marine Biology, Faculty of Biosciences, Fisheries and EconomicsUiT The Arctic University of NorwayTromsøNorway
  8. 8.Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine ResearchBremerhavenGermany
  9. 9.Department of Ecology and Geology, Faculty of SciencesUniversity of MálagaMálagaSpain
  10. 10.Research association Typhoon, North-West BranchSaint-PetersburgRussia
  11. 11.Biodiversity and Conservation UnitUniversity Rey Juan CarlosMóstolesSpain
  12. 12.The Marine Science Institute, College of Science, University of the Philippines DilimanQuezon CityPhilippines
  13. 13.Institute of OceanologyPolish Academy of SciencesSopotPoland
  14. 14.University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS)SvalbardNorway

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