Dynamic Emissions Reduction from Vehicles with Technical and Behavioral Approach

  • Mohammad Syafrizal
  • Estelle Bretagne
  • Nadia HamaniEmail author
  • Bambang Sugiarto
  • Setyo Sarwanto Moersidik
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Complexity book series (SPCOM)


This paper describes a dynamic model of emissions reduction in the land transport sector. The urban transportation system is a complex system with multiple variables, feedback loops, and is influenced by social, economic, and environmental factors. The proposed model consists of two submodels: “Vehicle Fleet” and “Emission Calculation.” The model runs in Powersim Studio software using data from the Traffic Management Centre of The National Police Headquarters in Indonesia. The case study of Semanggi intersection in Jakarta is used to illustrate this research work.


Behavior approach Dynamic model Emissions Road transport 


  1. 1.
    Editorial, The Jakarta Post, 06 April 2013Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tamsanya N, Chungpaibulpatana S (2009) Influence of driving cycles on exhaust emissions and fuel consumption of gasoline passenger car in Bangkok. J Environ Sci 21:604–611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Syafrizal M, Sugiarto B, Moersidik SS, Hamani N, Bretagne E (2013) Jakarta driving cycle for passenger cars: analysis of chassis dynamometer test. In: The 13th international conference on QiR (quality in research), Yogyakarta, Indonesia, 25–28 June 2013Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Internet website (2013) United nations environment program., transport section. Accessed 26 Feb 2013
  5. 5.
    Fontaras G, Franco V, Dilara P, Martini G, Manfredi U (2014) Development and review of Euro 5 passenger car emission factors based on experimental results over various driving cycles. Sci Total Environ 468–469(15):1034–1042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Nesamani KS, Subramanian KP (2011) Development of a driving cycle for intra-city buses in Chennai, India. Atmos Environ 45:5469–5476ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Tamasanya S, Chunpaibulpattana S, Attajariyakul S (2006) Development of automobile Bangkok driving cycle for emissions and fuel consumption assessment. In: The 2nd joint international conference on sustainable energy and environment (SEE 2006), Bangkok, Thailand, 2006Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kanari S (2009) Development of driving cycle (practice version), Japan Automobile Research Institute (JARI), internal report (unpublished)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hafiyah N, Soesetyo SR (2011) Explaining commuters’ travel behaviour from psychological perspective: studies of behavioral intention of car owners to use bus rapid transit in Jakarta. In: The 12th International conference on quality in research (QiR), Bali, Indonesia, 2011Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ajzen I (1991) The theory of planned behaviour. Organ Behav Hum Decis Processes 50:179–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Bamberg S, Fujii S, Friman M, Gärling T (2011) Behaviour theory and soft transport policy measures. Trans Policy 18:228–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Heath Y, Gifford R (2002) Extending the theory of planned behaviour: predicting the use of public transportation. J Appl Soc Psychol 32(10):2154–2189Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    BTMP-BPPT, Data pengujian kendaraan, IJ-EPA Partnership, internal data, unpublished, 2009–2011Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sugiarto B, Soesetyo SR, Hafiyah N, Syafrizal M, Mauludi F, Darsono D (2010) Studi polusi udara Jakarta dengan pendekatan intensi masyarakat pengguna kendaraan pribadi untuk berpindah ke bus rapid transit, final report, Hibah riset multidisiplin, Universitas Indonesia, 2010Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ernst JP (2005) Initiating bus rapid transit in Jakarta, Indonesia. Trans Res Record J Trans Res Board 1903:20–26Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ningtyas DU, Joewono TB (2009) The relations of the image and fact of the service quality of busway with user loyalty. J Trans 9(1):15–24Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Syafrizal
    • 1
    • 2
  • Estelle Bretagne
    • 2
  • Nadia Hamani
    • 2
    Email author
  • Bambang Sugiarto
    • 1
  • Setyo Sarwanto Moersidik
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of IndonesiaDepokIndonesia
  2. 2.University of Picardie Jules VerneAmiensFrance

Personalised recommendations