Advertisement

Challenges and Opportunities for Increased Farm Animal Productivity in the Lake Tana Sub-Basin

  • Kefyalew Alemayehu
  • Asaminew Tassew
Chapter
Part of the AESS Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies and Sciences Series book series (AESS)

Abstract

Livestock contribute 19% of the national GDP, 45% of agricultural GDP and 20% of the export earnings in Ethiopia. They are also contributing to people’s livelihoods as source of food, cash income, liquid asset, diversification of risk, inputs to crop production, cultural value and fuelwood. Livestock are also very important to nutritional and food security, incomes and livelihoods of people in Lake Tana Sub-basin. The livestock production systems in Lake Tana Sub-basin are mainly mixed crop-livestock. Despite the important contribution made by livestock to people’s livelihood in Lake Tana Sub-basin, the productivity of livestock is low due to various challenges. The challenges include land use change, limited access and low use of feed technology, inadequate veterinary service provision, genetic limitation of the indigenous livestock breeds, limited access and high cost of improved breeds, market inefficiency/failure, inadequate research/technology generation, weak linkages among stakeholders, limited access to credit, and climate change are main once. On the other hand, livestock products demand is increasing. This could be due to human population growth and urbanization . This is a good opportunity for livestock keepers to increase livestock products. There have to be policies support, extension services and research to enhance the complementarities between crop and livestock production and integration with watershed management activities. For peri-urban and urban livestock production systems, access to land, access to credit, establishment of milk processing plant, and veterinary service have to be improved. Rural-peri-urban-urban linkages should also be enhanced.

Keywords

Challenges Lake Tana Sub-basin Livestock production Opportunity Productivity 

References

  1. Alemayehu K, Ayalew T (2013) Meat and live animal export in Ethiopia: status, challenges and opportunities. Global Advanced Res J Food Sci Techno 2(4):054–059Google Scholar
  2. Alemayehu Y, Wurzinger M, Tegegne A et al (2009a) Handling, processing and marketing of milk in the North western Ethiopian highlands. Livestock Rese Rural Dev 21(7):2009Google Scholar
  3. Alemayehu Y, Wurzinger M, Tegegne A et al (2009b) Performance and limitation of two dairy production systems in the North western Ethiopian highlands. Trop Anim Health Prod 41:1143–1150. doi: 10.1007/s11250-008-9294-3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ali H (2009) Land use and land cover change, drivers and its impact: a comparative study from Kuhar Michael and Lench Dima of Blue Nile and awash basins of Ethiopia. Bahir Dar University, ThesisGoogle Scholar
  5. Ali M, Neka M (2012) Livestock husbandry and economic-sustainability of small farmers in peri-urban areas: a case study from West Gojjam region, Ethiopia. EJESM 2(5):2012Google Scholar
  6. Anteneh B, Tegegne A, Beyene F et al (2010) Cattle milk and meat production and marketing systems and opportunities for market-orientation in Fogera woreda, Amhara region, Ethiopia. IPMS Working Paper 19. Nairobi (Kenya): ILRI. IPMS Working Paper, 19 ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), Nairobi, KenyaGoogle Scholar
  7. Assefa G, Kehaliew A, Alemayehu M (2011) Overview of major feed resources availability and utilization in the highlands of Ethiopia. In: Proceedings of a national stakeholder workshop on innovations, actors and linkages in the dairy value chain in Ethiopia held at Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Sub Regional Office for Eastern Africa, Addis Ababa, 28 May 2010Google Scholar
  8. Benin S, Ehui S, Pender J (2006) Policies for livestock development in the Ethiopian highlands. In: Pender J, Place F, Ehui S (eds) Strategies for sustainable land management in the East African highlands. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, pp 141–164Google Scholar
  9. Dessie T, Effa K, Mirkena T (2013) The resource base, strategies for improvement and use of the Ethiopian livestock. In: Proceedings of the 20th annual conference of the Ethiopian society of animal production (ESAP) held in Addis Ababa, 03–05 October 2012Google Scholar
  10. EEA (Ethiopian Economics Association) (2012) Report on the Ethiopian economy: transport sector development in Ethiopia: performance, policies and its role in the economy. Ethiopian Economics Association, Addis AbabaGoogle Scholar
  11. Effa K, Dessie T, Han JL et al (2012) Morphological diversities and ecozones of Ethiopian horse populations. Animal Genetic Resources, 50, 1–12. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsGoogle Scholar
  12. Fisseha G, Gebrekidan H, Kibret K et al (2011) Analysis of land use/land cover changes in the Debre-Mewi watershed at the upper catchment of the Blue Nile Basin, Northwest Ethiopia. JBES (1)6:184–198Google Scholar
  13. Funte S, Negesse T, Legesse G (2010) Feed resources and their management systems in Ethiopian highlands: The case of Umbulo Wacho watershed in southern Ethiopia. Tro Subtro Agro Eco (12):47–56Google Scholar
  14. Girma E (2015) Phenotypic characterization, population viability and breeding strategy for Fogera cattle in selected districts of Amhara region, Ethiopia. Thesis, Bahir Dar UniversityGoogle Scholar
  15. Gizaw S, Tegegne A, Gebremedhin B et al (2010) Sheep and goat production and marketing systems in Ethiopia: Characteristics and strategies for improvement. IPMS (Improving Productivity and Market Success) of Ethiopian farmers project working paper 23. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), NairobiGoogle Scholar
  16. Grünenfelder J (2005) Livestock in the Simen Mountains, Ethiopia: its role for the livelihoods and land use of local smallholders. University of Berne, ThesisGoogle Scholar
  17. Hailu A, Mazengia H, Wuletaw Z (2013) Indigenous chicken production system and breeding practice in North Wollo, Amhara region, Ethiopia. Poult Fish Wildl Sci 1:108. doi: 10.4172/pfw.1000108 Google Scholar
  18. IBC (Institute of Biodiversity Conservation) (2012) Ethiopia’s strategy and plan of action for conservation, sustainable use and development of animal genetic resources. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia www.cbd.int/doc/world/et/et-nr-05-en.pdf. Accessed 20 Oct 2014
  19. IGAD (Intergovernmental Authority on Development) (2010) The contribution of Livestock to the economies of IGAD member states: study findings, application of the methodology in Ethiopia and recommendations for further analysis. Working paper no. 02–10, Odessa centre www.fao.org/fileadmin/user%85/IGAD%20LPI%20WP%2002-10.pdf. Accessed 20 Oct 2014
  20. Lemma T, Tegegne A, Puskur R et al (2008) Moving Ethiopian smallholder dairy along a sustainable commercialization path: Missing links in the innovations systems. IPMS (Improving Productivity and Market Success) of Ethiopian Farmers Project. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), NairobiGoogle Scholar
  21. Mekasha A, Gerard B, Tesfaye K et al (2014) Inter-connection between land use/land cover change and herders’/farmers’ livestock feed resource management strategies: a case study from three Ethiopian eco-environments. Agri Eco Env 188:150–162. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2014.02.022 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mekoya A, Oosting SJ, Fernandez-Rivera S et al (2008) Farmers’ perceptions about exotic multipurpose fodder trees and constraints to their adoption. Agroforest Syst 73:141–153. doi: 10.1007/s10457-007-9102-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Moges F, Mellese A, Dessie T (2010) Assessment of village chicken production system and evaluation of the productive and reproductive performance of local chicken ecotype in Bure district, North West Ethiopia, African. J Agri Resea 5:1739–1748Google Scholar
  24. Negassa A, Jabbarr M (2008) Livestock ownership, commercial off-take rates and their determinants in Ethiopia. Research Report 9. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), NairobiGoogle Scholar
  25. Sintayehu G, Samuel A, Derek B et al (2010) Diagnostic study of live cattle and beef production and marketing: Constraints and opportunities for enhancing the system. ILRI and IFPRI, Adiss Ababa, Ethiopia www.ata.gov.et/%85/Ethiopia-livestock-Value-Chain-Diagnostic-July-2010%85 Accessed 15 October 2014
  26. Tassew A (2007) Production, handling, traditional processing practices and quality of milk in Bahir Dar milk shed area, Ethiopia. Thesis, Alemaya UniversityGoogle Scholar
  27. Tegegne F, Assefa G (2010) Feed resources assessment in Amhara National Regional State. Ethiopia sanitary and phytosanitary standards and livestock and meat marketing program (SPS-LMM), Texas A and M University www.systemborlaug.tamu.edu/%85/Feed-Resource-Assessment-in-Amhara-National-Re%85 Accessed 20 Oct 2014
  28. Tegegne A, Gebremedhin B, Hoekstra D (2010) Livestock input supply and service provision in Ethiopia: Challenges and opportunities for market-oriented development. IPMS (Improving Productivity and Market Success) of Ethiopian farmers project working paper 20. ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), NairobiGoogle Scholar
  29. Trade Bulletin 5 (2011) Ethiopia’s meat and live animal export, produced by Ethiopia Sanitary and Phytosanitary Standards and Livestock and Meat Marketing Program, quarterly bulletin, July issue, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia www.borlaug.tamu.edu/2011/%85/ethiopias-meat-and-live-animal-export-sps-lm%85Accessed 15 Oct 2014
  30. Wuletaw Z (2004) Indigenous cattle genetic resources, their husbandry practices and breeding objectives in North-western Ethiopia. Alemaya University, ThesisGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal Production and TechnologyCollege of Agriculture and Environmental SciencesBahir DarEthiopia

Personalised recommendations