Challenges and Opportunities for Increased Farm Animal Productivity in the Lake Tana Sub-Basin

  • Kefyalew Alemayehu
  • Asaminew TassewEmail author
Part of the AESS Interdisciplinary Environmental Studies and Sciences Series book series (AESS)


Livestock contribute 19% of the national GDP, 45% of agricultural GDP and 20% of the export earnings in Ethiopia. They are also contributing to people’s livelihoods as source of food, cash income, liquid asset, diversification of risk, inputs to crop production, cultural value and fuelwood. Livestock are also very important to nutritional and food security, incomes and livelihoods of people in Lake Tana Sub-basin. The livestock production systems in Lake Tana Sub-basin are mainly mixed crop-livestock. Despite the important contribution made by livestock to people’s livelihood in Lake Tana Sub-basin, the productivity of livestock is low due to various challenges. The challenges include land use change, limited access and low use of feed technology, inadequate veterinary service provision, genetic limitation of the indigenous livestock breeds, limited access and high cost of improved breeds, market inefficiency/failure, inadequate research/technology generation, weak linkages among stakeholders, limited access to credit, and climate change are main once. On the other hand, livestock products demand is increasing. This could be due to human population growth and urbanization . This is a good opportunity for livestock keepers to increase livestock products. There have to be policies support, extension services and research to enhance the complementarities between crop and livestock production and integration with watershed management activities. For peri-urban and urban livestock production systems, access to land, access to credit, establishment of milk processing plant, and veterinary service have to be improved. Rural-peri-urban-urban linkages should also be enhanced.


Challenges Lake Tana Sub-basin Livestock production Opportunity Productivity 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Animal Production and TechnologyCollege of Agriculture and Environmental SciencesBahir DarEthiopia

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