Global Environmental Change as a Human Security Threat: Situation in Nigeria
Global environmental change is the set of biophysical transformation of states and flows of land, oceans and atmosphere driven by an interwoven of human and natural processes which are intimately connected with the processes of socio-economic and cultural globalization. This change has implications for human security which is the protection of the vital core of human lives in ways that enhance human freedom, safety and fulfillment. One region of the world where the impacts of global environmental change are felt adversely is Africa due to the lack of economic development and institutional capacity to mitigate and adapt to changes. This chapter examines the situation of global environmental change as a human security threat in Nigeria, a country with tropical climate, coastal location and being the most populous in Africa. Data for the study were generated through observation, documentation and secondary sources. The type of secondary sources used include textbooks, journal articles, Internet retrieved materials, television programmes and daily newspapers. The findings have shown the threat posed by global environmental change to human security as a result of increase in precipitation and temperatures, significant shift in rainfall pattern, water stress, occurrence of extreme weather events such massive floods, hailstorm etc. and coastal erosion and flooding affecting coastal settlements in Lagos area and the oil rich Niger Delta. From the year 2010 to date, many people lost their lives or were injured, and roads, bridges, houses, farmlands and even cemeteries damaged or destroyed due to the effects of the change. The situation in Nigeria is seriously threatening the security of humans in the country. The government should therefore take a critical look at the issue and constitute a professional panel of indigenous scientists to study the situation and partner with their foreign counterparts in order to adequately respond to the threats posed by global environmental change.
KeywordsGlobal Environmental change Human security Threat Nigeria
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