Karl Marx – From Hand Tool to Machine Tool

  • Fabio Grigenti
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Philosophy book series (BRIEFSPHILOSOPH)


In this chapter is presented the analysis that Marx leads about the transition from the mere tool (Handwerk) to the machninery (Maschinerie). According to Marx the consequences of this transfer of the manual implement from man to machine are: (a) the machine becomes the active, super powerful, but completely depersonalized subject in the production process; (b) the human body has to learn new actions that are dominated by automatic repetition; (c) the introduction of particular type of relationship between humans and machines: in this new “technological” master - slave relationship it is no longer a case of the instrument serving the man, but of the man serving the machine; (d) the new aspect of machinery: the enduring symbiont.


Marx Toll Machinery Subject Object Depersonalization Repetition Master-slave relationship 

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© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabio Grigenti
    • 1
  1. 1.Università degli Studi di PadovaDipartimento di Filosofia Università degli Studi di PadovaPadovaItaly

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