This chapter offers a profound synthesis of the main theoretical and empirical findings of the analysis and summarises its contribution to the scientific debate on regionalism in general and on the SADC in particular. Referring to the research questions, this chapter concludes that both the internal and the external line of the theoretical argument have strong explanatory power with regard to the emergence, institutional design and effectiveness of regionalism in the SADC. This is, firstly, because South Africa is the regional hegemon and driving force on a regional level and, secondly, because the EU, as the most relevant extra-regional actor, is often involved and has an ambivalent impact on the regional integration process. In sum, regionalism in the SADC performs quite well, but there is room for improvement in several policy areas.
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