Exogenous Interference: The European Union’s Economic Partnership Agreements and the Stalled SADC Customs Union

  • Johannes MuntschickEmail author


Focussing on the struggle for the scheduled SADC Customs Union, Muntschick reveals that extra-regional actors can actually have a negative impact on regional economic integration in the SADC. Firstly, this chapter refers to the organisation’s agenda on market integration and clarifies the intra-regional demand for the envisaged customs union. Secondly, it highlights the SADC member states’ important but asymmetric trade relations to the European Union and, in regard to this shadow structure of extra-regional interdependence, explains the interfering impact of Brussels’s Economic Partnership Agreements (EPA) on deeper market integration in the SADC. This chapter concludes that the European Union’s bilateral and remunerative EPAs fuelled internal fragmentation in the SADC and thus make it almost impossible for the SADC customs union to become a reality in the future.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Political SciencesJohannes Gutenberg University of MainzMainzGermany

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