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Japan has one of the lowest crime rates in the world, along with a stable criminal index. The total number of reported penal code cases has remained stable over the past three decades, with recent declines, as well. The number of arrested juveniles per 100,000 is, nevertheless, 2.5–5.0 times of the number of the arrested adults per 100,000. Seemingly, people might think that the juvenile crime rate is higher than that of adults. For this reason, Japanese juvenile justice is of considerable interest to juvenile justice experts. This chapter focuses on the peculiar characteristics of Japanese juvenile crimes, analyzing the historical context of Japanese juvenile crime, juvenile crime statistics over the past 10 years, the institutional juvenile justice system, and the most recent juvenile justice trends. One might draw a conclusion based on this analysis that the Japanese juvenile justice system is stable and is relatively independent from the politics and other power groups, such as the police or public prosecutors. The reason why Japan’s society has a low adult crime rate is that its juvenile justice system takes the proper stance in preventing from juvenile offenders from becoming adult criminals.
KeywordsJapanese juvenile justice Subjects of the jurisdiction Process in the Juvenile Court Characteristics of the juvenile justice
I wish to express my deep appreciation to Professor Zimring at U.C Berkeley School of Law, he led me pursue the field of political philosophy about criminal justice. My thanks also go to the Shandong University School of Law. Owing to the law school’s support I could have finished this research.
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