Advertisement

The Human Microbiomes

  • Aleardo Zaccheo
  • Eleonora Palmaccio
  • Morgan Venable
  • Isabella Locarnini-Sciaroni
  • Salvatore Parisi
Chapter

Abstract

The human microbiomes can be seen as “the entire collection of genes found in all of the microbes associated with a particular host” and the entire “collection of microbes that live in the human habitat”. These microbial associations have specific locations and functions. Skin diseases are frequently associated with a destabilization of skin microbes. In oral health, the current and frequent approach “to maintain oral health relies on the concept of stabilizing oral microbiota” in a compatible state with health. Intestines and colon contain the “densest known microbial communities on Earth”, and changes in its composition have associated to disease such as “irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, allergic diseases” and “autoimmune disorders, diabetes, obesity and gastrointestinal cancer”.

Keywords

Microbiome Metagenome Microbiota Probiotics Prebiotics Bacteriocins Bifidobacteria Escherichia coli Enterobacter aerogenes Strict anaerobes 

References

  1. 24.
    Beck R (2000) Chronology of microbiology in historical context. In: A chronology of microbiology in historical context. ASM Press, Washington, DC, pp 1–335. doi: 10.1128/9781555818081.ch1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 62.
    Mahar MI, Reid A (2011) FAQ: E. Coli: good, bad, and deadly. http://academy.asm.org/images/stories/documents/EColi.pdf. Accessed 27 July 2014
  3. 91.
    Reid A, Greene S (2014) FAQ: human microbiome. http://academy.asm.org/images/stories/documents/FAQ_Human_Microbiome.pdf. Accessed 29 Jan 2014
  4. 92.
    Reid A, Greene S (2014) FAQ: human microbiome, trifold. http://academy.asm.org/images/stories/documents/ColloquiaDoc/ASM%20Trifold.pdf. Accessed 29 Jan 2014
  5. 93.
    Reid A, Greene S (2014) FAQ: human microbiome, infographic. http://academy.asm.org/images/stories/documents/ColloquiaDoc/Microbiome%20Infographic.pdf. Accessed 29 Jan 2014
  6. 94.
    Lamont RJ, Hajishengallis GN, Jenkinson HF (2014) Oral microbiology and immunology. In: Jenkinson HF (ed) General microbiology, 2nd edn. American Society of Microbiology, Washington, DC, pp 20–23, Chapter 1Google Scholar
  7. 95.
    Lamont RJ, Hajishengallis GN, Jenkinson HF (2014) Oral microbiology and immunology. In: Scannapieco FA (ed) The oral environment, 2nd edn. American Society of Microbiology, Washington, DC, pp 51–76, Chapter 3Google Scholar
  8. 96.
    Paliy O, Kenche H, Abernathy F, Michail S (2009) High-throughput quantitative analysis of the human intestinal microbiota with a phylogenetic microarray. Appl Environ Microbiol 75(11):3572–3579CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aleardo Zaccheo
    • 1
  • Eleonora Palmaccio
    • 1
  • Morgan Venable
    • 2
  • Isabella Locarnini-Sciaroni
    • 3
  • Salvatore Parisi
    • 4
  1. 1.bioethica food safety engineering sagl.Lugano-PregassonaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Consultant Registered DieticianMedegliaSwitzerland
  3. 3.Salumificio Sciaroni S.A.SementinaSwitzerland
  4. 4.Industrial ConsultantPalermoItaly

Personalised recommendations