Impact of Dwell Time on Vertical Transportation Through Discrete Simulation in SIMIO

  • Marcelo Henriques
  • António A. C. Vieira
  • Luís M. S. DiasEmail author
  • Guilherme A. B. Pereira
  • José A. Oliveira
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9855)


This work has the objective of simulating an elevator system, using SIMIO software. Firstly, two different approaches, and its implementation, will be explained and compared: Vehicle vs. Entity. After selecting the Entity-approach, due to its more flexible processes and the limitations of the Vehicle-approach, it will be used to conduct the simulation experiments. The purpose is to evaluate the impact of dwell time - time in which the elevator remains stopped, allowing for clients to enter and exit - in the performance of the system. That will be achieved analysing the impact on the total time - spent by clients from placing a call until reaching its destination - number of clients inside the system and waiting for the elevator, waiting time, elevator occupation and number of elevator movements. The analysis of the results indicates that, for the properties defined, the best time for the elevator to stay with its doors open is around 10 seconds.


Elevator Lift Management systems Intelligent objects Modelling SIMIO 3D simulation Case study 



This work has been supported by FCT – Fundação para a Ciência eTecnologia in the scope of the project: UID/CEC/00319/2013 and by COMPETE: POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007043.


  1. Barney, G., Al-Sharif, L.: Elevator Traffic Handbook: Theory and Practice, 2nd edn. Routledge, New York (2015)Google Scholar
  2. Dias, L., Pereira, G., Rodrigues, G.: A shortlist of the most popular discrete simulation tools. Simul. News Eur. 17, 33–36 (2007)Google Scholar
  3. Hakonen, H., Siikonen, M.-L.: Elevator Traffic Simulation Procedure. Lift Report (2009)Google Scholar
  4. Hlupic, V., Paul, R.: Guidelines for selection of manufacturing simulation software. IIE Trans. 31, 21–29 (1999)Google Scholar
  5. Hlupic, V.: Simulation software: an operational research society survey of academic and industrial users. In: Proceedings of the Winter Simulation Conference, vol. 2, pp. 1676–1683 (2000)Google Scholar
  6. Kelton, W.D., Sadowski, R., Zupick, N.: Simulation with Arena, 5th edn. McGraw-Hill Education, New York (2009)Google Scholar
  7. McCain, Z.: Elevators 101, 2nd edn. Elevator World Inc., Masdar (2007)Google Scholar
  8. Pegden, C.D.: SIMIO: a new simulation system based on intelligent objects. In: Simulation Winter Conference, pp. 2293–2300, 9–12 December 2007Google Scholar
  9. Pegden, C.D., Sturrock, D.T.: Introduction to SIMIO. In: Proceedings - Winter Simulation Conference, Phoenix, AZ, pp. 29–38 (2011)Google Scholar
  10. Pegden, C.D.: Intelligent objects: the future of simulation (2013).
  11. Pereira, G.B., Dias, L.S., Vik, P., Oliveira, J.: Discrete simulation tools ranking – a commercial software packages comparison based on popularity. In: ISC 2011 – 9th Industrial Simulation Conference, Venice, Italy, pp. 5–11, 6–8 June 2011Google Scholar
  12. Setchi, R.: Knowledge-based and intelligent information and engineering systems. In: Setchi, R., Jordanov, I. (eds.) Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, vol. 1, pp. 133–134. Springer Science & Business Media, Cardiff (2010)Google Scholar
  13. Sturrock, D.T., Pegden, C.D.: Recent innovations in SIMIO. In: Proceedings - Winter Simulation Conference, Baltimore, MD, pp. 21–31 (2010)Google Scholar
  14. Vieira, A., Dias, L.S., Pereira, G.B., Oliveira, J.A.: Comparison of SIMIO and ARENA simulation tools. In: 12th Annual Industrial Simulation Conference, ISC 2014, EUROSIS, Skovde, Sweden, pp. 5–13, 11–13 June 2014Google Scholar
  15. Zhang, J., Zong, Q.: Energy-saving-oriented group-elevator dispatching strategy for multi-traffic patterns. Build. Serv. Eng. Res. Technol. 35(5), 543–568 (2014). CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcelo Henriques
    • 1
  • António A. C. Vieira
    • 1
  • Luís M. S. Dias
    • 1
    Email author
  • Guilherme A. B. Pereira
    • 1
  • José A. Oliveira
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MinhoBragaPortugal

Personalised recommendations