Ethnonationalism, Irredentism, and Empire

  • Fikret AdanırEmail author


The chapter shows that the allied Balkan states’ war propaganda and the methods of “othering” employed in the construction of the “enemy” operated basically on three levels: First, the “crusade” character of the war was stressed, waged against a Muslim ruler that was oppressing Christian peoples. On a second level, the notions of the civilized West and the barbaric East were utilized. And, on a third level, it was argued that modern society necessitates and produces ethno-cultural homogeneity. Thus, the “unmixing” of populations carried out in the course and aftermath of the Balkan Wars was indirectly justified. The chapter closes by intimating that the Young Turk regime responded to the debacle of 1912–13 by adopting the successful methods of its adversaries and thereby prepared the ground for the modern nation-state of Turkey.


American Missionary Balkan State American Historical Review Public Record Office Carnegie Endowment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of HistoryRuhr UniversityBochumGermany
  2. 2.Department of HistorySabancı UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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