Meteor Astronomy at Home and Abroad

  • Richard TaibiEmail author
Part of the Springer Biographies book series (SPRINGERBIOGS)


The early to mid-1930s witnessed six loci of scientific meteor study within the USA or with American astronomers’ supervision or collaboration: Flower Observatory (American Meteor Society), Iowa’s Midwest Meteor Association, Antarctica, Harvard College Observatory in Cambridge, Massachusetts and its Arizona outpost near Lowell Observatory, and, finally, the Society for Research on Meteorites formed in 1933 at Chicago.


Meteor Work Royal Astronomical Society Meteor Section Meteor Path International Astronomical 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Contemporary Meteor Organizations in the USA

  1. Olivier, C., Meteors, Baltimore, Maryland: Williams and Wilkins Co., 1925 pp. 89-90Google Scholar
  2. Articles Google Scholar
  3. Anonymous,Google Scholar
  4.     Obituary, Fletcher G. Watson, Harvard University Gazette, May 5, 1997Google Scholar
  5. Campbell, L.,Google Scholar
  6.     Willard James Fisher, 1867-1934, Popular Astronomy (PA), volume 43, 1935, pp. 475-476Google Scholar
  7. Fisher, W.,Google Scholar
  8.     Remarks on the Fireball Catalog of von Niessl and Hoffmeister, Harvard College Observatory Circular 331, 1932 pp. 1-8Google Scholar
  9.     The Newton-Denning Method for Computing Meteor Paths with a Celestial Globe, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Volume 19, 1933, pp. 209-212Google Scholar
  10. Hoffmeister, C.,Google Scholar
  11.     New Cosmic Relationships of Meteors, PA, Volume 45, 1937, pp. 207-209Google Scholar
  12. Horch, E.,Google Scholar
  13.     Ellen Dorrit Hoffleit, in Hockey, T. ed., Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, Volume 1, New York: Springer, 2007, pp. 516-517Google Scholar
  14. Maltsev, V.,Google Scholar
  15.     Concerning the fictitious radiants of meteoric streams, Astronomische Nachtrichten, Volume 234, 1928, p. 243-248Google Scholar
  16. McFarland, J. and D. Asher,Google Scholar
  17.     The Meteor work of Ernst Opik at Armagh Observatory, in Eds. Asher, D.J. et al., Proceedings of the International Meteor Conference, Armagh, Northern Ireland, 16-19 September, 2010, p. 67.Google Scholar
  18. Olivier, C.,Google Scholar
  19.     Report of the Committee on Meteors, PA, Volume 35, 1927, pp. 26-27Google Scholar
  20.     Meteor Notes, PA, Volumes 37,38,40,42,43,46,47 Google Scholar
  21.     The Illinois Fireballs of July 25, 1929, PA, Volume 39, 1931, p. 521Google Scholar
  22.     Results of the Arizona Expedition for the Study of Meteors (RAESM), II, Statistical Analysis of Group Radiants, Harvard College Observatory Circulars, No. 388, 1934, pp. 1-38.Google Scholar
  23.     RAESM, VI. Analysis of Meteor Heights, Annals of Harvard College Observatory, Tercentary Papers, No. 30, Volume 105, 1937, pp. 549-600Google Scholar
  24.     The Failures, Irish Astronomical Journal, Volume 9, 1969, p. 156Google Scholar
  25. Poulter, T.,Google Scholar
  26.     Meteor Program in Connection with the Byrd Antarctic Expedition II, PA, Volume 41, 1933, pp. 282-283.Google Scholar
  27. Shapley, H., E. Opik, and S. Boothroyd,Google Scholar
  28.     The Arizona Expedition for the Study of Meteors, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Volume 18, No. 1, 1932, pp. 16ff.Google Scholar
  29. Smith, F., Concerning Meteor Radiants, PA, Volume 47, 1939, pp. 223-224Google Scholar
  30. Theobald, J.,Google Scholar
  31.     Dubuque Counts of the 1934 Leonids, PA, Volume 42, 1934, pp. 598-599Google Scholar
  32. Watson, F.,Google Scholar
  33.     A Study of Telescopic Meteors, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Volume 81, No. 84, (September 25, 1939), pp. 493-504Google Scholar
  34. Williams, J., The use of reticles for the observation of meteors, Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, Volume 45, 1933, pp. 175-179Google Scholar
  35. Wylie, C.,Google Scholar
  36.     The Meteor of July 25, 1929, PA, Volume 37, 1929, p. 514Google Scholar
  37.     Observations of the 1929 Leonids, Popular Astronomy (PA), Volume 38, 1930, pp. 48-49Google Scholar
  38.     The 1930 Leonid meteors, PA, Volume 38, 1930, pp. 623-624Google Scholar
  39.     The 1931 Leonid Meteors, PA, Volume 39, 1931, p. 609Google Scholar
  40.     The 1932 Return of the Leonid Meteors, PA, Volume 40, 1932, p. 97Google Scholar
  41.     Real Paths for Five Meteors, PA, Volume 40, 1932, pp. 500-501Google Scholar
  42.     Preliminary Report on the 1933 Leonids, PA, Volume 41, 1933, p. 581Google Scholar
  43.     How to Make Good Group Counts, PA, Volume 42, 1934, pp. 596-598Google Scholar
  44.     The Meteor of July 25, 1929 (second paper), PA, Volume 43, 1935, pp. 241-250Google Scholar
  45. Archives Google Scholar
  46. C.C. Wylie Papers, 1910-1960- UIA Collection GuidesGoogle Scholar
  47. American Meteor Society Ltd. ArchivesGoogle Scholar
  48.     Letter from Fisher to Olivier, dated Aug 20, 1924; box labeled “1920s”Google Scholar
  49.     Letter from Wylie to Olivier, dated October 13, 1927: box labeled “1930s”Google Scholar
  50. Correspondence archives Google Scholar
  51. Charles P. Olivier Correspondence Collection, American Philosophical Society Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Google Scholar
  52.     CPO to Frank Schlesinger (FS), dated June 15, 1933Google Scholar
  53.     FS to CPO, dated June 16, 1933Google Scholar
  54.     CPO to Felix de Roy, dated December 30, 1935.Google Scholar
  55.     CPO to C.C. Wylie (CCW), dated May 13, 1936Google Scholar
  56.     CPO to Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, dated January 7, 1936Google Scholar
  57.     Thomas C. Poulter (TCP) to CPO, dated September 8, 1935.Google Scholar
  58.     TCP to CPO, dated December 18, 1935Google Scholar
  59.     TCP to CPO, dated September 25, 1935Google Scholar
  60.     TCP to CPO, dated January 4, 1936Google Scholar
  61.     TCP to CPO, dated January 9, 1952Google Scholar
  62.     CPO to Harlow Shapley (HS) dated December 2, 1935Google Scholar
  63.     Fletcher G. Watson (FGW) to CPO, dated December 6, 1935Google Scholar
  64.     CPO to FGW, dated December 12, 1935.Google Scholar
  65.     CPO to W.J. Luyten, dated June 6, 1935Google Scholar
  66. Interviews Google Scholar
  67. F.W. Smith by author’s questionnaires, dated May 2 and 12, 2001Google Scholar

Outside the USA: A Survey of Meteor Astronomers and Organizations

  1. Abbe, C. (Translator), Niessl, G., The Determination of Meteor Orbits in the Solar System, Smithsonian Publication 2436, Volume 66, Issue 16, Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1917.Google Scholar
  2. Jarrell, R., The Cold Light of Dawn, a History of Canadian Astronomy, Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1988, p. 155ff.Google Scholar
  3. Olivier, C., Meteors, Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1925, p. 17.Google Scholar
  4. Schmadel, L., (Minor Planet 7849) Janjosefric, Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Sixth edition, Berlin: Springer, 2012, p. 604.Google Scholar
  5. Schmadel, L., Klepesta, Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Volume 1, 5th edition, Berlin: Springer, 2003, p. 339.Google Scholar
  6. Vondrak, J., Frantisek Nusl, in T. Hockey et al. editors, Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, volume 2, New York: Springer, 2007, pp. 842-843Google Scholar
  7. Zejda, M., Cuno Hoffmeister, in Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers, Volume 1, New York: Springer, 2007, pp. 517-518.Google Scholar
  8. Articles Google Scholar
  9. Anonymous, Cuno Hoffmeister, Irish Astronomical Journal, volume 9, 1969, p. 169Google Scholar
  10. Ceplecha, Z., Obituary: V. Guth (1905-1980), Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of Czechoslovakia, volume 31, 1980, p. 256.Google Scholar
  11. Editor, Gazette Astronomique (GA), Volume 4, 1911, pp. 2 and 32Google Scholar
  12. Editor, General Notes: (Birkenstock), An appeal to amateur astronomers, Popular Astronomy (PA), Volume 19, 1911, pp. 126-128Google Scholar
  13. Editor, Obituary, Felix de Roy, The Observatory, Volume 65, 1943, p. 12.Google Scholar
  14. Halliday, I., Peter MacKenzie Millman, 1906-1990, Journal Royal Astronomical Society of Canada (JRASC), Volume 85, 1991, p. 68Google Scholar
  15. Lindsay, E., I. Biographical, Ernst Julius Opik, Dr. Phil. (etc.), The Irish Astronomical Journal, Volume 10, Special Issue, 1972, pp. 1-2Google Scholar
  16. Maltzev, V., Concerning the fictitious radiants of meteoric streams; Astronomisches Nachtrichten, Volume 234, p. 244.Google Scholar
  17. McBeath, A., An Overview of British Meteor Observing, Parts I and II, WGN, Journal of the International Meteor Organization, Volume 39, 2011, pp. 29-31, and 76-78Google Scholar
  18. Millman, P., and Editor, Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, Volume 28, 1934, pp. 35-36Google Scholar
  19. Olivier, C. and D. Wills, Daily and Monthly Meteor Rates, Proceedings Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Volume 7, 1933Google Scholar
  20. Olivier, C., Meteor Notes, PA, Volumes 35, 38, 41, 42, 43, and 46. Google Scholar
  21. Renshaw, S. and S. Ihara, A Brief History of Amateur Astronomy in Japan, Sky and Telescope, Volume 93, 1997, pp. 104-108.Google Scholar
  22. Widorn, Th., Niessl von Mayendorf (Maiendorf), Gustav, in Osterreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950 (OBL), Band 7, Vienna: Publisher of the Austrian Sciences Academy, 1978; ISBN 3-7001-0187-2, S. 126f.Google Scholar
  23. Correspondence Archives Google Scholar
  24. Charles P. Olivier Correspondence Collection, American Philosophical Society Library, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Google Scholar
  25.     Astapowitsch, I. to Charles Olivier (CPO), letter dated September 24, 1936.Google Scholar
  26.     Chant, C.A. to Charles Olivier (CPO), letter dated January 16, 1928Google Scholar
  27.     de Roy, Felix (FdR) to CPO, letter dated December 6, 1927Google Scholar
  28.     Guth, Vladimir to CPO, letter dated May 5, 1929Google Scholar
  29.     Hoffmeister, Cuno (CH) to CPO, letter dated 1934 March 12Google Scholar
  30.     CH to CPO, letters dated July 9 and August 25, 1934Google Scholar
  31.     CH to CPO, letter dated October 24, 1934Google Scholar
  32.     CH to CPO, letter dated December 24, 1937Google Scholar
  33.     CH to CPO letter dated March 12, 1958Google Scholar
  34.     Opik, Ernst to CPO, dated April 20, 1923Google Scholar
  35. Richard Taibi, personal email correspondence Google Scholar
  36.     Sakuma, Seiichi to RT, Biography of Hideo Inouye, dated August 4, 2015Google Scholar
  37. Webpages Google Scholar
  38. Neglected Science: Martin Horacio DartayetGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Richard Taibi 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Temple HillsUSA

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