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Governing Community-Based Heritage Tourism Clusters: I Parchi della Val di Cornia, Tuscany

Chapter
Part of the One World Archaeology book series (WORLDARCH)

Abstract

Ensuring that economic development delivers benefits to local communities has emerged as a central concern of archaeologists and heritage managers. The vehicle for development, in many cases, is the creation of tourism businesses based on local heritage resources. The challenge is to create economically viable enterprises that serve the needs of local communities and those of archaeology, rather than benefit external, even multinational organizations. One approach to building economically sustainable destinations is the exploitation for tourism of regional clusters of sites and other tourist amenities. This chapter explores the theoretical and practical issues associated with the governance of tourism clusters. It then applies that analysis to destination building in the context of archaeological sites and museums through a case study of the history, governance structures, and political and economic challenges facing one particular, long-lived undertaking, I Parchi della Val di Cornia S.p.A., in the Tuscany region of Italy.

Keywords

Economic development Cultural heritage management Val di Cornia Archaeological parks Tourism clusters Governance Community Tourism networks 

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and AnthropologyPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Urban VisionRomeItaly

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