Quantifiers in Dan-Gwɛɛtaa (South Mande)

Chapter
Part of the Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy book series (SLAP, volume 97)

Abstract

After presenting some basic genetic, historical and typological information about Dan-Gwɛɛtaa (South Mande), this chapter outlines the quantification patterns it expresses. It illustrates various semantic types of quantifiers, such as generalized existential, generalized universal, proportional, definite and partitive which are defined in the Quantifier Questionnaire in chapter. “The Quantifier Questionnaire”. It partitions the expression of the semantic types into morpho-syntactic classes: Adverbial type quantifiers and Nominal (or Determiner) type quantifiers. For the various semantic and morpho-syntactic types of quantifiers it also distinguishes syntactically simple and syntactically complex quantifiers, as well as issues of distributivity and scope interaction, classifiers and measure expressions, and existential constructions. The chapter describes structural properties of determiners and quantified noun phrases in Dan-Gwɛɛtaa (South Mande), both in terms of internal structure (morphological or syntactic) and distribution.

Keywords

Dan-Gwɛɛtaa (South Mande) Quantification patterns Semantic Morpho-syntactic Quantifiers Classifiers Determiners Quantified noun phrases 

Abbreviations

ADJ

adjective; adjectivizer suffix (−sɯ̏)

ADV

adverbial suffix (−wō ∼ −ɓō)

ART

definite article ɓā

Atr

atribute

AUT

autonomous pronominal series

AUX

auxiliary

C

consonant

CMM

common case

CNTR

contrastive pronominal series

COM

comitative case

CONS

consequtive conjunction (yɤ́)

COP

copula

Det

determiner

DIM

diminutive suffix

DO

direct object

DUR

durative verbal suffix -sīʌ̄

EXI

existential series of PPM

EXCL

1 pers. exclusive plural pronoun/PPM

FOC

a) focalization particle (ɗʌ̰̀ ∼ ɗɯ̰̄); b) grammatical high tone on the focalized noun

GER

gerundive suffix -sɯ̏

IMP

imperative series of PPM

INF

infinitive marker (extralow tone suffixed to the verb stem)

INSTR

intrumental/comitative/transformational postposition ()

INT

intensive

IPFV

imperfective

IZF

isaphet marker (an extralow tone on the noun)

JNT

conjoint series of PPM; tonal modification on the verbal stem in the conjoint construction

LOC

locative case

LOG

logophoric pronoun

MSD

suffix of masdar (verbal noun, −ɗɛ̏)

N

noun

NEG

negative

NEUT

neutral aspect marker (extralow tone on the verbal stem)

NOM.F

female proper noun

NOM.M

male proper noun

NP

noun phrase

NPI

negative polarizing item

NSBJ

non-subject pronouminal series

OO

oblique object

OWS

object wide scope

PFV

perfective

PL

plural

POSS

possessive marker (ɓȁ, gɔ̏)

PP

postpostition with a broad meaning (gɔ̏)

PPM

predicative pronominal marker (auxiliary)

PRES

presumptive series of PPM

PRF

perfect series of PPM

PROH

prohibitive series of PPM

PROS

prospective series of PPM

PST

past

Q

general question particle (ȅȅ, or a copy of the final vowel)

RECP

reciprocal pronoun

REFL

reflexive pronoun

REL

relativization marker (ɤ́)

REM

remote

RETR

retrospective operator

S

subject

SBJV

subjunctive series of PPM

SG

singular

SLA

selective marker (−sɯ̏)

SUB

subessive case or postposition (ɓȁ)

SWS

Subject Wide Scope

TOP

topicalization particle (zʌ̏)

V

(a) verb; (b) vowel

X

post-verbal arguments and circonstants

References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.INALCOLLACAN (Laboratoire Langage, Langues et Cultures d’Afrique Noire), CNRS (UMR-8135)VillejuifFrance

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