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Colon and Rectal Surgical Emergencies

  • Kurt Melstrom
  • Stephen M. Sentovich
Chapter

Abstract

Colon and rectal cancer represents the third most common cancer in the USA. Therefore, emergencies related to colorectal cancer are quite frequent. The most common emergencies related to primary colorectal cancer are perforation and obstruction. There are multiple surgical and nonsurgical methods to address these problems. In addition, there are multiple emergencies that affect the colon which stem from cancers outside the colon. These include severe colitis caused from ischemia, drugs, infection, and neutropenia. Treatment is often conservative in nature, with surgery reserved for extreme cases. Finally, there are multiple anorectal emergencies which are prominent in the cancer patient including but not limited to hemorrhoids, anal fissure, and anorectal abscess.

Keywords

Colon cancer Rectal cancer Surgical emergencies Colon obstruction Colon perforation Ischemic colitis Pseudomembranous colitis Neutropenic colitis Drug-related colitis Anorectal emergencies 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgical OncologyCity of HopeDuarteUSA

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