• Simone SandholzEmail author
Part of the The Urban Book Series book series (UBS)


Worldwide cities are undergoing fundamental transformations. A large part of these shifts is taking place in the Global South, where urban change is comparably more dynamic, but often following global trends and resulting in increasing uniform urban layouts. At the same time trends towards more regionalism can be observed, backed by identity discourses. Historic city centres in particular became focal points of this debate, suffering continuous pressure of transformation while being portrayed as the holder of urban uniqueness. Cities worldwide made a turn towards the appreciation of their tangible and intangible heritage. This is particularly challenging in the Global South where heritage was somehow regarded as luxury or touristic feature for a long time, while focal areas of intervention were related to provision of adequate housing and infrastructure for growing cities. This research analyses the importance of urban heritage and its potential for a sustainable urban development in the case of three selected cities in Asia and Latin America. The overall goal is to gain a deeper understanding on the sociocultural construction of identity in historic city centres in the Global South, its differences and similarities against the background of the global heritage debate.


Historic cities Urban heritage Cultural context Research approach 


  1. Ahmad Y (2006) The scope and definitions of heritage: from tangible to intangible. Int J Herit Stud 12(3):292–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Albert M-T (2013) Heritage studies—paradigmatic reflections. In: Albert M-T, Bernecker R, Rudolff B (eds) Understanding heritage: perspectives in heritage studies. de Gruyter, Berlin/Boston, pp 9–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Angel S, Parent J, Civco DL, Blei AM (2011) Making room for a planet of cities. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  4. Aronczyk M (2013) Branding the nation: the global business of national identity. Oxford University Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ashworth GJ, Tunbridge JE (2000) The tourist-historic city. Retrospect and prospect of managing the heritage city. Advances in tourism research series. Elsevier, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  6. Bandarin F, van Oers R (2012) The historic urban landscape: managing heritage in an urban century. Wiley-Blackwell, SussexCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coy M, Kraas F (2003) Probleme der Urbanisierung in den Entwicklungsländern. Petermanns Geogr Mitt 147:32–41Google Scholar
  8. Falser MS (2010) From the Venice Charter (1964) to the Nara Conference (1994)—changing concepts of authenticity? In: Falser MS, Lipp W, Tomaszewski A (eds) Theory and practice in conservation and preservation—interactions between theory and practice. Proceedings of the international conference of the ICOMOS international scientific committee for the theory and philosophy of conservation and restoration, pp 23–27 April 2008 (Vienna). Edizioni Polistampa, Florenz, pp 115–132Google Scholar
  9. Gaebe W (2004) Urbane Räume. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & co., StuttgartGoogle Scholar
  10. Kraas F (2010) Urbanisierung als weltweite Herausforderung. In: Debiel T, Messner D, Nuscheler F, Roth M, Ulbert C (eds) Globale Trends 2010. Frieden, Entwicklung, Umwelt. Stiftung Entwicklung und Frieden, Frankfurt, pp 181–199Google Scholar
  11. Löw M (2008) Soziologie der Städte. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am MainGoogle Scholar
  12. Mucke P (2014) Urbanisation—trends and risk assessment. In: Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft (Alliance Development Works) and United Nations University—Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) (ed) World Risk Report 2014—Focus: The city as a risk area. Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft (Alliance Development Works) and United Nations University—Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS), Berlin/Bonn, pp 5–10Google Scholar
  13. Qadeer MA (2012) Urban Development. In: Sanyal B, Vale LJ, Rosan CD (eds) Planning ideas that matter: livability, territoriality, governance, and reflective practice. MIT Press, Cambridge, pp 207–232Google Scholar
  14. Rautenberg M (2011) Industrial heritage, regeneration of cities and public policies in the 1990s: elements of a French/British comparison. Int J Herit Stud 18(5):513–525. doi: 10.1080/13527258.2011.637945 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Simone A (2010) City life from Jakarta to Dakar. Movements at the Crossroads. Routledge, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  16. Sullivan S (1993) Conservation policy delivery. In: Mac Lean MGH (ed) Cultural heritage in Asia and the Pacific: conservation and policy. Proceedings of a symposium held in Honolulu, Hawaii, September 8–13, 1991. The Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, pp 15–26Google Scholar
  17. United Nations (2014) World urbanisation prospects—highlights. United Nations, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. Wöhler K (2008) Heritagefication: Zur Vergegenwärtigung des Kulturerbes. In: Luger K, Wöhler K (eds) Welterbe und Tourismus: Schützen und Nützen aus einer Perspektive der Nachhaltigkeit. StudienVerlag, Innsbruck, pp 43–58Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of GeographyUniversity of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

Personalised recommendations