Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinomas

  • Jennifer R. CracchioloEmail author
  • Ashok R. Shaha


Papillary thyroid microcarcinomas are on the rise. Debate exists whether this is a real increase or whether it represents an increase in diagnostic scrutiny. There is significant evidence that suggests that this increase in incidence is associated with an increase in diagnostic scrutiny. Therefore, we need to examine how we manage this disease, which in most cases is indolent. Molecular markers will likely, one day, aid in the decision-making of which neoplasms need to be aggressively treated and which may be actively observed. At present, it is safe and effective to manage papillary thyroid microcarcinomas (PTMCs) conservatively, with active surveillance only, for appropriate patients, following the use of a risk-stratified, evidence-based approach. With the increased use of diagnostic modalities in the primary care setting, an in-depth understanding of the natural history of PTMC is important in the management of this now common—however, rarely deadly—clinical entity.


Papillary thyroid microcarcinomas Thyroid cancer Active surveillance 



The authors have no conflicts of interest or financial disclosures.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryHead and Neck Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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