What Is the Prognostic Value of EMVI?

  • Timothy G. Palmer
  • Nicholas P. West


Vascular invasion has long been established as a poor prognostic feature in colorectal cancer. Over the past 80 years, experience in gastrointestinal pathology has led to the subclassification of vascular invasion into extramural and intramural venous invasion along with lymphatic channel involvement. This chapter will describe the prognostic significance of these changes, in addition to discussing recent developments in the accurate identification of these critical histopathological findings.


Venous invasion Vascular invasion Lymphatic invasion 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Pathology and Tumour BiologyLeeds Institute of Cancer and Pathology, University of LeedsLeedsUK

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