Non-market Productive Activities and Other Aspects of the Dunatopian Social System
Public goods and services do not generate a market demand and a price system. For this reason, control of efficiency and responsibility in their production and distribution is subject to a number of difficulties. However, this handicap can be partly surmounted in a variety of ways, such as, for instance, cost-benefit analyses of infrastructures. In the case of semi-public services, such as health and educational services, which are characterized by individual demand but, also, by the myopia of utilizers, public preferences provide a weak help in determining the degree of efficiency and responsibility; this difficulty is, however, lower in educational and welfare services, wherein consumers’ ability to judge is higher than in other fields. In short, different criteria for the control of efficiency and responsibility must be defined in the various fields of public administration. We dedicate attention to possible solutions.